Healthcare Current Affairs - 2020

GoI: Guidelines for Quarantine issued

On April 5, 2020, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare issued guidelines for quarantine. According to the guidelines, the quarantine is separation and restriction of movement. It shall be applied to an individual or a group of persons.

Key Highlights of Quarantine

  • The Quarantine shall be preferably placed in the outskirts.
  • The Quarantine facilities are labeled as follows
    • Low Risk Areas-They are the areas that have less direct contact with the evacuees.
    • Moderate risk areas-They are the areas where the suspects use pillow, linen, clothes. In other words, there are contaminated surfaces that might come in contact with the attending health personnel
    • High risk areas-They are also called containment quarantine camp. These areas include the sample collection room, medical examination room, bathroom areas, areas of bio-waste collection, disposal, etc.
  • The Health care professionals from now on should be trained according to these guidelines.
  • The Quarantine people are tested twice a day, in the morning and evening. They are placed in quarantine for 14 days and are discharged after a final test.

Bio-Medical Waste Management

The bio-medical waste at the site of collection should be treated with 1% of hypochlorite solution.

First World Patient Safety Day observed by WHO on September 17

The first World Patient Safety Day was observed by World Health Organisation (WHO) on September 17. This day launched by WHO as global campaign ‘Medication without Harm’. It aims to create awareness around patient safety and urge people to show commitment to making healthcare safer. The theme for World Patient Safety Day 2019 is ‘Patient Safety: a global health priority’ and slogan is ‘Speak up for patient safety’.

Background

The establishment of World Patient Safety Day (to be marked annually on September 17) was endorsed by WHO member states from all 194 countries on May 24, 2019 and was officially included on WHO list of health dates. The purpose of observance this Day is to promote patient safety by increasing public awareness and engagement, enhancing global understanding and working towards global solidarity and action.  It also marks coming together of all health stakeholders from across the world for patients including care givers, patients’ groups, civil society organisations and other relevant stakeholders.