Hhyderabad Current Affairs - 2020
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On October 30, 2019, 66 cities were designated by UNESCO as Creative Cities. The cities are named creative based on their mission to place creativity and creative economy at the core of their urban development to make their city safe, inclusive, resilient and sustainable in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goal
From India, Hyderabad and Mumbai were included in the list of Creative Cities this year. They were announced on World Cities Day.
Till now the following cities were included in the list for the respective categories
- Jaipur-Crafts and Folk art
About Creative Cities Network
The network brings together cities that base development on music, arts, music, design, folk crafts, literature, cinema, digital arts or gastronomy. Mumbai was selected based on cinema and Hyderbad was selected based on Gastronomy.
Mumbai for its cinema-centric aura gained the name “City pf Dreams” and Hyderabad known for its Biryani and other food items has gained the name “The Home of Haleem and Biryani”. In 2010, Haleem was honored with the Geographical Indication status and hence became the first meat-based product from India to win the prestigious tag.
Tags: Creative Cities Network • Geographical Indication • Hhyderabad • Mumbai • UN
Recently, an international collaboration of 20 research organizations led by Hyderabad-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) identified climate resilient genes in chickpea. They cracked genetic code to develop climate resilient chickpea with genes for heat tolerance and genes for drought tolerance.
- Scientists study based on complete genome sequencing of 429 chickpea lines from 45 different countries, identified that chickpea has four important genes for heat tolerance and three important genes for drought tolerance.
- Application: Identification of these climate-resistant genes will help in developing newer chickpea varieties which can tolerate temperatures up to 38°C.
- The identification of other genes with important agronomic traits (high yield, test weight, kernel weight, maturity, plant height, and lodging resistance) will help in increasing crop yield and providing better resistance to pests and diseases.
- It is an annual legume of Fabaceae family and is highly rich in protein.
- It is also known by name of gram, Bengal Gram, Garbanzo, Garbanzo bean, and Egyptian pea.
- It is a cool season crop. In India, it is sown in September-October and harvested in January-February. In 2016, India produced 64% of world’s total chickpeas.
- More than 90% of chickpea cultivation area is in South Asia, including India as it is important in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine.
- It originated in Mediterranean/south-west Asia and migrated to south Asia.
- Globally, more than 70% of its yield is lost due to drought and increasing temperatures.
ICRISAT: The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
- It is an international non-profit organization whichundertakes agricultural research for rural development in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) region. It was established in 1972,
- and its charter was signed by the Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It is headquartered in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
- It performs crop improvement research on crops like Chickpea, Pigeonpea, Groundnut, Pearl millet, Sorghum, Finger Millet and Small millets.
- The Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) region: It is a region characterised by highly variable, low to medium rainfall, poor soils, and lack of irrigation, thus considered to be a less favoured area (LFA).