High Courts in India Current Affairs - 2020

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Justice Sanjay Karol sworn in as Chief Justice of Patna HC

Justice Sanjay Karol has been sworn in as the 43rd Chief Justice of Patna High Court. His oath for office and secrecy was administered by Bihar Governor Phagu Chauhan at the Raj Bhavan in Patna. He succeeded Justice Amreshwar Pratap Sahi, who has been transferred as Chief Justice of Madras High Court, Chennai.

His swearing-in ceremony was also attended by Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi, state ministers, judges of the High Court and other senior officials.

About Justice Sanjay Karol

Career: Born and brought-up Himachal Pradesh, Justice Karol was elevated to higher judiciary as judge in high court of Himachal Pradesh on 8 March 2007. He had served as advocate general of Himachal Pradesh for 5 years. Before being appointed as the Chief Justice of Tripura high court on 9 November 2018, Justice Karol had also been on the senior panel of central government in Supreme Court.

Background

On 17 October 2019, the Supreme Court collegium made recommendation to central government to transfer Justice Karol as Patna high court Chief Justice while his predecessor Chief Justice Amreshwar Pratap Sahi was recommended to be transferred as chief justice of Madras high court. Then on 30 October, Central government finally issued notification regarding transfer of judges as per the recommendation of collegium with condition that they would assume charge of their respective office on or before November 13.

High Courts in India

Article 214 of constitution of India states that- each state of India shall have a High Court. The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by President with consultation of Chief Justice of India (CJI) and the Governor of respective State, in accordance to Article 217 of Indian constitution.

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Justice A S Oka sworn in as Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court

Justice Abhay Shreeniwas Oka was sworn-in as the Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court. He now becomes 31st Chief Justice of Karnataka HC. His oath of office was administered by Karnataka Governor Vajubhai R Vala, at Raj Bhavan in Bengaluru.

Key Facts

  • The Karnataka Chief Justice office had fallen vacant after then incumbent Justice Dinesh Maheshwari was elevated as a Supreme Court (SC) judge in January 2019.
  • After erstwhile Chief Justice Maheshwari’s elevation Justice L Narayana Swamy was appointed as Acting Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court
  • On 30 April 2019, central government on recommendation of the SC collegium (constituted on April 8) notified the Justice Shreeniwas Oka’s appointment as Chief Justice Karnataka by President Ram Nath Kovind.

About Justice Shreeniwas Oka

  • The 58 year old Justice Oka, enrolled as an Advocate in 1983 started his practice in Thane District Court, Maharashtra.
  • In 1985-86, he joined office of V P Tipnis, a former Lok Ayukta and former Judge of Bombay High Court and appeared in many major cases including public interest litigations (PILs).
  • In August 2003 he was appointed as an additional judge of Bombay High Court in and in November 2005 he was appointed as a permanent Judge.
  • Before his appointment as Chief Justice of Karnataka he was serving as second senior-most judge in Bombay High Court.

High Courts in India

According to Article 214 of Indian constitution, each state of India shall have a High Court. The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed in accordance to Article 217 of Indian constitution by President with consultation of Chief Justice of India (CJI) and the Governor of respective State.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App