High-Risk Pregnancy Current Affairs - 2020

April 2: World Autism Awareness Day

Every year, the World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2 by the members of United Nations. The day is observed to take measures to increase awareness about Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Highlights

In all there are 7 health specific UN days. World Autism Awareness Day is one among the seven. This is being observed since 2008. This year, the World Autism Awareness Day has been launched under the theme

Theme: The Transition to Adulthood

What is Autism?

Autism is a developmental disorder. People with autism face difficulties in social interaction and communication. The related signs shall be noticed in the first three years of the child’s life.

Factors associated with Autism

The Autism is caused due to genetic factors and environmental factors. It also includes risk factors during pregnancy. They are alcohol, pesticides, fetal growth restriction, air pollution and auto immune disease.

Significance

According to the United Nations, only half of those with autistic behaviour are employed and around one-third autistic graduates are unemployed. Therefore, it is important to increase awareness about autism and help autistic people lead normal lives.

Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill approved by Union Cabinet

On February 18, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) bill. The bill proposes to establish a national registry.

Highlights

The bill aims at setting up of a national board and as state board to implement a legal framework. The bill also proposes to establish a central data base of banks and clinics all over the country. It will help in identifying people that are involved in illegal embryo sale and trafficking.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)

The ART is used to treat infertility. The technology works to remove an egg from a woman’s body and fertilize it with a man’s sperm to make an embryo.

Need

India has become a surrogacy hub for foreign couples. Also, there are unethical practices that need to be brought under legislation. The 228th report of LCI (Law Commission of India) recommended for suitable legislation towards the ART practices being followed in the country.