Himalayan Circuit Current Affairs - 2020

GoI Report: Average Temperature in India to raise by 4.4 degree Celsius

The Ministry of Earth Science recently released its report “Assessment of Climate Change over Indian Region”. According to the report, the average surface temperature of India could increase up to 4.4 degree Celsius by the end of 2100 as compared to the temperature between 1976 and 2005.

Climate Forcing

The report says that with the RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) increasing to 4.5, the temperature of India could rise to 2.4 degree Celsius.

The Representative Concentration Pathway calculates Radiative Forcing or Climate Forcing. Climate Forcing is the difference between sunlight absorbed by the Earth and the energy that is radiated back from the earth.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, the frequency of warm days and warm nights are to increase by 55% and 70% respectively as compared to 1976-2005. The heat waves in the country are expected to increase by 3 to 4 times.

The average temperature of the country increased by 0.7 degree Celsius as compared to the period between 1900 and 2018. The increase in temperature has been largely associated with global warming.  The report predicts that the average temperature in the Hindukush-Himalayan region could increase by 5.2 degree Celsius.

North East Circuit under Swadesh Darshan Inaugurated

Union Minister for Tourism, Shri. K.J. Alphons inaugurated a project under North East India Circuit of  Swadesh Darshan Scheme of Ministry of Tourism.

Infrastructure development activities like Tourist Information Centre, Meditation Centre, Organic Eco Tourism centre, Log Huts, Zip Line, Flower Exhibition Centre, Walkways, Souvenir Shops, Cafeteria, Rain Shelters, Wayside Amenity, Last Mile Connectivity, Parking, Public Toilets etc, have been developed under this project.

The circuit is the first ever project in Sikkim under the scheme and encompasses Rangpo– Rorathang- Aritar- Phadamchen- Nathang-Sherathang- Tsongmo- Gangtok-Phodong- Mangan- Lachung-Yumthang- Lachen- Thangu-Gurudongmer- Mangan- Gangtok-Tuminlingee- Singtam.

Swadesh Darshan Scheme

Swadesh Darshan scheme is one of the flagship scheme of the Ministry of tourism for the development of thematic circuits in the country in a planned and prioritised manner. The project is aimed at the development of quality infrastructure in the country with the objective of providing better experience and facilities to the visitors on one hand and on other hand fostering the economic growth.

The 13 thematic circuits under the Swadesh Darshan scheme are North East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Heritage Circuit and Wildlife Circuit.

Swadesh Darshan Scheme is a 100 per cent centrally funded scheme and also provides for leveraging voluntary funding under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives of Central Public Sector Undertakings and corporate sector.