Hindi Current Affairs - 2020

After English and Mandarin, Hindi-the third most spoken language in the world

With 615 million speakers all over the world, Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world. English is at the top with 1,132 million speakers followed by Mandarin with 1,117 million speakers.

Highlights

On February 18, 2020, the Ethnologue published its yearly database on living languages of the world. It covered more than 7,111 living languages. It also published data on languages that were gone out of usage in the recent history and that included around 348 languages.

It also said that Bangla is the 7th most spoken language in the world with 228 million native speakers.

Ethnologue

The Ethnologue is an annual publication that provides statistics of the living languages of the world. It is published by SIL International since 1951. The publication released this year in 2020 is its 22nd release.

The SIL International is a non-profit organization that documents languages. It is mainly into promotion of literacy and translation of Christian Bible. It was founded in 1933 with the aim of translating bible.

January 10: World Hindi Day

The World Hindi day is celebrated every year on January 10 in order to promote the language world-wide. It is celebrated by Indian Embassies that are located all over the world. The day is being celebrated world wide since 2006.

Significance

Hindi is the fifth largely spoken language in the world. It is spoken in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, UK, USA, New Zealand, Germany, Uganda, UAE, Guyana, Trinidad, Suriname, South Africa and Mauritius. The language is spoken by more than 43 core people in the world.

National Hindi Day

The National Hindi Day is different from that of World Hindi Day. It is celebrated on September 14 every year. Two awards namely Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar are presented annually on National Hindi Day.

The Rabhasha Awards are presented to ministries, PSUs and nationalized banks.

September 14 was selected as National Hindi Day as it was the birth date of Beohar Rajendra Simha.

Beohar Rajendra Simha

He was an Indian scholar, theologian, historian, sanskritist, Sarvodaya-activist, politician, journalist and Gandhian. Hindi was adopted the official language of India on his 50th birthday.

Origin of Hindi

The word was transferred from the Sanskrit language “Sindhu”. The word “Sindhu” became “Hindu” after Iranians entered India.