Hindi Current Affairs - 2020

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January 10: World Hindi Day

The World Hindi day is celebrated every year on January 10 in order to promote the language world-wide. It is celebrated by Indian Embassies that are located all over the world. The day is being celebrated world wide since 2006.

Significance

Hindi is the fifth largely spoken language in the world. It is spoken in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, UK, USA, New Zealand, Germany, Uganda, UAE, Guyana, Trinidad, Suriname, South Africa and Mauritius. The language is spoken by more than 43 core people in the world.

National Hindi Day

The National Hindi Day is different from that of World Hindi Day. It is celebrated on September 14 every year. Two awards namely Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar are presented annually on National Hindi Day.

The Rabhasha Awards are presented to ministries, PSUs and nationalized banks.

September 14 was selected as National Hindi Day as it was the birth date of Beohar Rajendra Simha.

Beohar Rajendra Simha

He was an Indian scholar, theologian, historian, sanskritist, Sarvodaya-activist, politician, journalist and Gandhian. Hindi was adopted the official language of India on his 50th birthday.

Origin of Hindi

The word was transferred from the Sanskrit language “Sindhu”. The word “Sindhu” became “Hindu” after Iranians entered India.

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Lai Haraoba Festival begins in Tripura

On January 2, 2020, the Lai Haraoba festival began in Tripura. The festival will be celebrated for 5 days. The festival is celebrated by the Meitei community. The community is spread across Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Meghalaya, Myanmar and Bangladesh. However, the festival is widely celebrated in the state of Manipur.

Lai Haraoba Festival

Lai Haraoba festival is celebrated by Meitei people to please sacred trees called “Umang Lai”. They speak the language called “Meiteilon”.  The Lai Haraoba Festival in the state of Manipur is celebrated in the month of May.

Umang Lai

Umang Lai are the sacred trees that are preserved for the local forest deities. The trees have significant place in Sanamahism. The followers of the religion mainly worship elements of nature such as mountains, water and fire. According to 2011 census, around 8% of Manipur population are following Sanamahism.

Eighth Schedule of Constitution

There are 22 languages in the Eighth Schedule of Constitution. Article 346 says that Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language. However, English is also allowed to be used as official language.

The Language Meiteilon (also called Manipuri) is included in the Eighth Schedule of Constitution of India.

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