Hindi Divas Current Affairs - 2019

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14 September: Hindi Divas

Hindi Divas (or Hindi day) is an annual day which is observed every year on 14 September all over India since 1953, to celebrate the popularity of Hindi as an official language of India. Although the Hindi Day is mostly observed by Government of India, but many private organizations and voluntary groups also celebrate the day.

Hindi is the forth most spoken language in world. As per latest figures, 43.63% people in India currently speak Hindi language. Section 343 (1) of Constitution of India, in reference of Hindi as official language, reads- The official language of Union shall be Hindi and script Devanagari. The form of the marks used for official purposes of Union will be international form.

About Hindi Day

Why 14 September? It is because on this day in 1949, Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as official language of Republic of India. 14 September 1949 also marks 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha who was among stalwarts who rallied and lobbied pan-India in favor of Hindi. Their efforts came to fruition following adoption of Hindi as official language and this decision was ratified by Constitution of India that came into effect on 26 January 1950.

Celebrations: Many programs are organized across the country on the occasion of Hindi Day. Debate competitions, poetry recitations, Essay copies, plays, and exhibitions are organized in schools, colleges, and educational institutions.

Hindi fortnightly is organized in government offices i.e. from September 14 to next 15 days, various competitions are held in government office. Also, government offices that do good work for development of Hindi throughout the year are also honored with prizes.

Every year on occasion of Hindi Diwas, President of India presents Rajbhasha awards to people for their contribution towards the Hindi language, at a ceremony in Delhi.

January 10: World Hindi Day

Every year 10th January is celebrated as World Hindi Day to create awareness about the language of Hindi across the World and to present Hindi as an international language.

Why 10th January?

The first world World Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur on January 10, 1975. The conference saw representation from 30 countries. To commemorate the occasion, the government of India since 2006 is celebrating 10th January as World Hindi Day.

How it is different from Hindi Divas?

Every year Hindi Divas is celebrated on September 14th because it was the day Hindi was recognised as an official language. On 14 September 1949, the constituent assembly adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the Official Language of the Union.

While the World Hindi Day is aimed at the promotion of the Hindi language at the global stage, the Hindi Divas is being observed across the country at the national level.

Constitutional Provisions for the Promotion of Hindi

Hindi is the fourth most spoken language of the world. Various constitutional provisions like Article 120, Article 210, Article 343, Article 344 and Articles from 348 to 351 are aimed at the promotion of Hindi.