Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) Current Affairs - 2020

BrahMos Air Launched Missile test fired from a Su-30 MKI

The Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully fired aerial version of supersonic BrahMos cruise missile from a Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft.

Key Highlights

  • About: The IAF successfully fired BrahMos Air Launched Missile from its frontline Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft.
  • Background: Earlier on 22 November 2017, the IAF became World’s first Air Force to successfully fire an air launched 2.8 Mach surface attack missile of this category on a sea target. Since then this was the second such live launch of weapon.
  • Result: The launch from Su-30 MKI aircraft was smooth and missile followed desired calculated trajectory before directly hitting land target.
  • Safety: The firing was successfully undertaken with dedicated support from Indian Navy which ensured that large number of monitoring ship are available for ensuring range safety clearance.
  • Significance: The capability of BrahMos missile coupled with superlative performance of Su-30MKI aircraft gives IAF its desired strategic reach.
  • Complex Process: The integration of missile weapon on aircraft was a very complex process which involved electrical, mechanical and software modifications on aircraft. The IAF engineers undertook software development of aircraft and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) carried out mechanical and electrical modifications on aircraft.
  • Others involved: The dedicated and synergetic efforts of IAF, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and BrahMos Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. (BAPL) proved the nation’s capability of undertaking such complex integrations.

About BrahMos Air Launched Missile

  • It is a 2.5 ton supersonic air to surface cruise missile. It range is close to 300 km, and is designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. (BAPL).
  • The BrahMos missile provides IAF a much desired capability of striking on any target at sea or on land from large stand-off ranges with pinpoint accuracy by day or night and that too in all weather conditions.

2nd prototype of naval variant of LCA-Tejas successfully tested

The Naval Prototype 2 (NP2) of indigenously developed light combat aircraft (LCA) Tejas undertook its successful maiden flight in Bengaluru, Karnataka.

This successful maiden flight is considered as significant milestone in the India’s indigenous carrier borne aircraft development programme.

NP2 in its successful flight test showcased its arrested landing and ski-jump take off.

Key facts about Naval Prototype 2 (NP2) of LCA Tejas

  • Naval variant LCA Tejas has a complex landing gear design, which is significantly different from the Air Force version of LCA.
  • It is designed and developed by the public sector aeronautics company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
  • The NP2 addresses several systemic deficiencies observed in the progress on flight test of Naval Prototype 1 as it is incorporated with most advance avionic hardware components to operate with Navy.
  • It is customized for a carrier landing and aided with Levcon Air Data Computer, Auto-throttle, external and internal Angle of Attack lights for carrier landing.
  • NP 2 is also incorporated with arrestor hook integration, Derby Beyond Visual Range missile and tactical data link for landing on carrier.