History Current Affairs - 2020

May 9: Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap Singh I

Maharana Pratap Singh popularly known as “Maharana” was the 13th king of Mewar (the present Rajasthan). He was born on May 9, 1540.

Rana and the Mughals

The “Siege of Chittorgarh” led to the loss of fertile eastern belt to the Mughals in 1568. Akbar wanted to establish a secure route to Gujarat through Mewar. So, he sent number of envoys to King Rana to become a vassal just like the other Rajputs. Rana refused. Hence, the Battle of Haldighati was fought

Battle of Haldighati

Maharana is known for his bravery in the Battle of Haldighati. The battle was fought on 18 June, 1576 between Maharana and the forces of Akbar. Rana fought with 22,000 forces against 2 lakh soldiers of the Mughal army. The Mughals were led by Man Singh of Amber. Rana’s forces were defeated in 6 hours.

Reconquest

Though, the Rana lost, he and his chief army men escaped with wounds. They re-gathered their forces, fought and won against the Mughals after six years in 1582. The Mughals faced terrible defeat and Akbar stopped his military campaigns against Mewar after this.

Also, Rana recaptured Udaipur, Gogunda and Kumbhalgarh when Akbar was concentrating on the north western front.

History of Pandemics: Justinian Plague, Black Death and Spanish Flu

The COVID-19 has killed thousands and has indented a bad and deep history of economic crisis. It has locked down almost every super economic power in the world and has left permanent damages to developing countries. There were several other Pandemics in the history that created equal impacts. They are Justinian Plague, Black Death and Spanish Flu

Justinian Plague

The Justinian Plague was the deadliest pandemic that broke in 6th century. It had spread from Egypt to Constantinople. The disease was named after the emperor Justinian as the disease hit the region during his reign of Byzantine Empire. The disease killed more than 100 million.

Black Death

The Black Death killed more than 200 million. It struck China, Syria, India and Egypt. The disease arrived in Europe in 1347. The labour demand in Europe rose and wages tripled. It also led to Peasant Revolt in England in 1381. Jews were blamed for spreading the illness and were burnt alive in many parts of the country.

Spanish Flu

The Spanish Flu broke during the last phase of World War I. It killed more than 50 million people. It was recorded in Europe and later spread to Asia and America. The disease weakened German units and was is till considered as one of the reasons for the fall of Germany in the war.