History Current Affairs - 2019

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Parliament passes Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Parliament passed Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019 after it was approved by Rajya Sabha. The Bill seeks to amend Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951 to change provisions related to composition of Trustees of memorial and termination of trustee. It was earlier passed in Lok Sabha in August 2019.

Features of Bill

It seeks to make trust that runs Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial apolitical by removing the clause pertaining to the President of Congress Party as a permanent member of the trust. It also amends provision related to include Leader of Opposition recognised as such in the House of the People (Lok Sabha) or where there is no such Leader of Opposition, then Leader of the single largest Opposition Party in that House as a member of the trust. It also amends provisions related to termination of nominated trustee to allow his/her termination before the expiry of the period of five years by the Central Government, without assigning any reason.

Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951

It was enacted by Parliament to provide for the erection and management of National Memoraial to prepetuate memory of those killed or wounded on the 13th day of April, 1919, in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. It provides for Trust for erection and management of the Memorial and also provided for composition of the Trust with certain Trustees for life.

Government to release Rs 75 commemorative coin to mark 75th anniversary of Tricolour hoisting by Bose

Union Ministry of Finance has announced to release Rs 75 commemorative coin on occasion of 75th anniversary of hoisting of Tricolour for first time by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose at Cellular Jail, Port Blair on December 30, 1943. Earlier on October 21, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had hoisted National Flag at Red Fort and unveiled plaque to commemorate 75th Anniversary of formation of Azad Hind Government, formed by Bose.

Features of coin

The 35-gram coin will be composed of 50% silver, 40% copper, and 5% each of nickel and zinc. It will bear the portrait of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose saluting flag on background of cellular jail. It will have numeral 75th along with inscription “anniversary” will be depicted below portrait. It will also have inscription in both Devanagari script and English saying ‘First Flag Hoisting Day’.

First Flag Hoisting by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose on December 30, 1943 had hoisted Tricolor for first time on free Indian soil at Cellular Jail of Port Blair during his visit to Andaman and declaring the island as the free territory from the British rule. It was much before India attained Independence in 1947. On same occasion, he had announced freedom of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (making it first Indian Territory) from the British rule and renamed them as “Shaheed-dweep” (Martyr Island) and “Swaraj-dweep” (Self-rule Island).  The island at that time was liberated from British rule by Japan which captured it during World War – II. Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan of Indian National Army (INA) was made the Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.