History Current Affairs - 2019
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Government to release Rs 75 commemorative coin to mark 75th anniversary of Tricolour hoisting by Bose
Union Ministry of Finance has announced to release Rs 75 commemorative coin on occasion of 75th anniversary of hoisting of Tricolour for first time by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose at Cellular Jail, Port Blair on December 30, 1943. Earlier on October 21, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had hoisted National Flag at Red Fort and unveiled plaque to commemorate 75th Anniversary of formation of Azad Hind Government, formed by Bose.
Features of coin
The 35-gram coin will be composed of 50% silver, 40% copper, and 5% each of nickel and zinc. It will bear the portrait of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose saluting flag on background of cellular jail. It will have numeral 75th along with inscription “anniversary” will be depicted below portrait. It will also have inscription in both Devanagari script and English saying ‘First Flag Hoisting Day’.
First Flag Hoisting by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose on December 30, 1943 had hoisted Tricolor for first time on free Indian soil at Cellular Jail of Port Blair during his visit to Andaman and declaring the island as the free territory from the British rule. It was much before India attained Independence in 1947. On same occasion, he had announced freedom of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (making it first Indian Territory) from the British rule and renamed them as “Shaheed-dweep” (Martyr Island) and “Swaraj-dweep” (Self-rule Island). The island at that time was liberated from British rule by Japan which captured it during World War – II. Major General Arcot Doraiswamy Loganadan of Indian National Army (INA) was made the Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
75th anniversary of establishment of Azad Hind government observed October 21, 2018. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi hoisted National flag and unveiled plaque at the Red Fort, Delhi.
Azad Hind Government
Azad Hind Government was founded in Singapore on October 21, 1943. It was India’s first independent government established by Indian nationalists-in-exile during latter part of WWII in Singapore with monetary, military and political assistance from Imperial Japan.
It was a part of political freedom movement originating in 1940s outside India with purpose of allying with Axis powers during Second World War (WWII) to free India from British Rule. It was inspired by ideas of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who was leader of Azad Hind Government and also Head of State of this Government-in-exile.
This government has recognized the countries such as Germany, Japan, Philippines, Korea, China, Italy and Ireland. Japan provided the Andaman and Nicobar islands to this temporary government, later these islands were renamed Shaheed Island (Andaman) and Swaraj Island (Nicobar).
It was also having its armed force Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian National Army (INA), whose purpose was to free India from British control. Subhash Chandra Bose was the supreme commander of this army. Ras Bihari Bose had played important role in its establishment. This force had played crucial role in bequeathing a much needed impetus to India’s struggle for Independence.
It had proclaimed authority over Indian civilian and military personnel in Southeast Asian British colonial territory and prospective authority over Indian territory to fall to Japanese forces and INA during Japanese thrust towards India during WWII. This government had its own currency, court and civil code.
Japan provided Andaman and Nicobar islands to this temporary government, later these islands were renamed Shaheed Island (Andaman) and Swaraj Island (Nicobar). Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave a famous slogan Delhi Chalo (Come to Delhi) after formation of this government. Azad Hind Fauj along with this slogan reached India on March 21, 1944. Ram Singh Thakur was composed by the inspirational song “Kadam Chacha Ho Jaay” of Azad Hind Fauj.