HIV Current Affairs - 2019

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Japan donates $69 million to the United Nations World Food Programme

Japan has donated $69 million to the United Nations World Food Programme to provide vital aid to 28 countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, with the biggest shares of the money being earmarked for Yemen and Iraq.

World Food Programme

World Food Programme is a leading humanitarian organization saving lives and changing lives, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.

In the 1960 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Conference, there were calls for setting up a multilateral food aid programme. In line these demands, the World Food Programme was established in 1961 by the FAO and the United Nations General Assembly.

The Food for Work programmes of the World Food Programme promotes environmental and economic stability and agricultural production.

The World Food Programme strives to eradicate hunger and malnutrition, with the ultimate goal to eliminate the need for food aid itself. The objectives of the World Food Programme are:

  • Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies.
  • Support food security and nutrition and (re)build livelihoods in fragile settings and following emergencies.
  • Reduce risk and enable people, communities and countries to meet their own food and nutrition needs.
  • Reduce under-nutrition and break the inter-generational cycle of hunger.
  • Zero Hunger in 2030.

World Food Programme also aims to fight micronutrient deficiencies, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, and combat disease, including HIV and AIDS.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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Lancet Study on TB

Medical Journal Lancet had undertaken a study on Tuberculosis (TB) in three high-burden countries, including India. The findings of the burden of TB in India are:

  • India’s goal to end the epidemic by 2025 was too “ambitious” and “unrealistic”, Hence unattainable.
  • 57% reduction in incidence and 72% reduction in mortality will been seen only by 2035 and strengthening the care cascade could reduce cumulative TB incidence by 38% in the case of India.
  • India needs to adopt measures to prevent TB commensurate with the population levels to eliminate the disease in the coming decades.
  • India needs to improve diagnosis and treatment for drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB.
  • Lives of eight million (28%) people with TB can be saved over the next 30 years if tests are subsidised and patients are supported to complete the treatment.
  • For this subsidised and complete care, India requires an extra $290 million each year. This is significantly less than $32 billion losses which India incurs associated with TB mortality each year.
  • India needs to scale up access to TB services for all those seeking them, optimise engagement of private sector providers and guarantee universal access to drug susceptibility testing and second-line TB drugs.
  • Integration of TB services with the primary health system to reduce diagnostic delays is not happening.
  • The majority of MDR-TB cases in India due to direct transmission. Early diagnosis and prompt initiation of effective treatment should be a high priority for India to curb MDR-TB transmission since only 14% of people with MDR-TB completed treatment and just 11% remained disease-free at the end of one year.

India’s TB Burden

India accounted for 27% of the 10 million people, who had developed TB in 2017. Also, India accounted for 32% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people, and 27% of combined TB deaths in 2017. The high out-of-pocket expenses incurred during TB treatment keeps people in poverty for seven years after completing treatment as stated by the Union Health Minister.

Month: Categories: Science & TechnologyUPSC

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