Home Ministry Current Affairs - 2019

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MHA to set up Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre in New Delhi

The Union Home Ministry will set up Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C), an apex coordination centre in New Delhi to deal with cybercrimes.

It also has asked States to establish similar mechanism in every district and released funds for setting up of cyber-forensic training laboratory-cum-training centre for police officials in each State. It also has released funds to Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children Scheme.

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)

It will be apex coordination centre to deal with cybercrimes based in New Delhi. It will coordinate with State governments/UTs and closely monitor cyberspace and social media with due emphasis on vernacular content. It will also block those websites which flout Indian laws and circulate child pornography and communally and racially sensitive content.

It will also maintain list of suspects and leads generated during investigations in cybercrime cases and will be shared with law enforcement agencies through secured internal network. Under this framework, state governments will set up State cybercrime coordination cell at headquarter-level and also establish district cybercrime cells.

Background

Over a period of time, there has been phenomenal increase in use of computers, smart phones and internet in India. With this increase, cybercrimes have emerged as major challenge for law enforcement agencies. The cybercrime cases are of varied types ranging from defacement of government websites, online financial frauds, online stalking and harassment, and data thefts. Moreover, these cybercrime cases pose technical, legal and administrative challenges in investigation which require strengthening of institutional mechanism. Institutionalisation of I4C comes in wake of 1,44,496 cybersecurity attacks observed in country during 2014-16 period. MHA already has created Cyber and Information Security Division, a new wing to deal with new-age challenge.

Home Ministry eases Arms Rules to woo investments

The Union Home Ministry has liberalised Arms Rules to encourage investments in manufacture of arms, ammunition and weapons systems.

The rules were liberalised with aim of making India a regional leader in supplying small arms to neighbouring countries as well as become an export hub.

Key Facts

Under the new rules, licence granted for manufacturing will be valid for life-time of licensee company. It does away with requirement of renewal every five years. Now, manufactures will now be able to continue manufacturing on their old licence.

Similarly, condition that small arms and light weapons produced by manufacturer should be sold to Central government or State governments with prior approval of Home Ministry also has been dispensed with. Now, enhancement of capacity up to 15% will also not require any approval of government. Moreover, the licence fee also has been reduced and rules in connection have also been liberalised.

Significance

The liberalised rules will apply to licences granted by Home Ministry for small arms and ammunition and those granted by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) for other defence equipment. The liberalised rules will give boost to Centre’s ‘Make in India’ manufacturing policy and promote employment generation in this field. It will facilitate availability of world-class weapons to meet requirements of armed forces and police forces in sync with country’s defence indigenisation programme.