Home Ministry Current Affairs

Government institutes Union Home Minister’s Medal for Excellence in Police Investigation

The Union Government has approved proposal to institute Union Home Minister’s Medal for Excellence in Police Investigation. The award aims to promote high professional standards of Investigation of Crime in State/UT Police and Central Investigating Agencies (CIAs) in the country.

Key Facts

Officers from rank of Sub-Inspector to Superintendent of Police will be eligible for this honour. The names of awardees will be declared every year on 15th August. The awardees will get certificate signed by Union Home Minister along with medal and their names will be published in Gazette of India.

Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) will invite nominations from States/UTs/CIAs based on recommendations from State-level Committee headed by ADG rank officer. These nominations will be processed by screening committee in BPR&D and approved by sanctioning committee in Home Ministry.

Based on the average crime data for last three years, total 162 medals will be awarded every year, of these, 137 will be for States/UTs and 25 for CIAs viz. National Investigation Agency (NIA), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Narcotic Control Bureau (NCB). There will be quota of medals for women investigators also.

Distribution of medals among States/UTs will be on basis of average of IPC crimes registered by them and crime data published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for years 2013, 2014 & 2015. The distribution of medals will be reviewed after every 3 years based on average crime data.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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Death penalty should stay: 12 out of 14 states/UTs

The 12 out of 14 states/UTs have replied to Home Ministry that capital punishment or death penalty should stay, as it serves to act as deterrent in cases of heinous crimes such as murder and rape. The Home Ministry had forwarded proposal to abolish death penalty to states/UTs based on recommendation of Law Commission of India (LCI). The states/UTs that vetoed abolition of capital punishment were Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Delhi. Only two states, Karnataka and Tripura, want practice to be done away with.

Background

In 2013, the Supreme Court had asked Law Commission to examine whether death penalty is deterrent punishment or is retributive justice or serves an incapacitative goal. In its report in 2015, Law Commission, ten headed by Justice A P Shah, had proposed abolition of capital punishment for non-terrorism cases (i.e. it should be abolished for all crimes other than terrorism related offences and waging war). According to Law Commission’s Report, India is among handful of countries such as China, Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq that still carry out executions. At end of 2014, 98 countries had abolished death penalty, 7 had abolished it for ordinary crimes, and 35 were abolitionists in practice, making 140 countries abolitionists in law or practice.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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