HRD Ministry Current Affairs

HRD Ministry releases All India Higher Education Survey

The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education of Indian has registered an increase from 24.5% in 2015-16 to 25.2% in 2016-17 according to latest All India Higher Education Survey (AIHES) released by HRD Ministry.

The survey findings were based on responses of 795 universities, 34,193 colleges and 7,496 standalone institutions. There are total of 864 universities, 40,026 colleges and 11,669 standalone institutions in the country.

Key Highlights of AIHES

Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER): GER is statistical measure for determining number of students enrolled in undergraduate, postgraduate and research-level studies within country and expressed as a percentage of population. India is aiming to attain GER of 30% by 2020, but it is still far behind countries like China with GER of 43.39% and US with 85.8%.

The proportion of students pursuing higher education in India hasn’t increased dramatically from 2015-16 to 2016-17. It was in range of 23% to 25% since 2013-14. Tamil Nadu has highest GER in India at 46.9%.

Six states have registered GER higher than national average (25.2%), with their share of students entering higher education is growing twice as fast as overall rate. These states are Tamil Nadu (46.9%), Himachal Pradesh (36.7%), Kerala (34.2%), Andhra Pradesh (32.4%), Haryana (29%) and Punjab (28.6%).

However, eight states UP (24.9%), Madhya Pradesh (20%), Odisha (21%), Bihar (14.4%), Gujarat (20.2%), Rajasthan (20.5%), Mizoram (24.5%) and West Bengal (18.5%) had GER ratio far less than the national average. Bihar has lowest GER with just 14.4% of its eligible population (in age group of 18 to 23 years) pursuing higher education.

Gender Parity Index (GPI): India registered its best performance on the GPI in last seven years — 0.94 in 2016-17 from 0.86 in 2010-11. GPI is calculated as quotient of number of females by number of males enrolled. GPI equal to 1 indicates 1, value less than 1 indicated disparity in favour of males. In Seven states — Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, J&K, Nagaland, Sikkim and Kerala — women in higher education have outnumbered men.

College density: States in south India have higher college density. It is defined as number of colleges per lakh eligible population. The college density in top three states/UTs is Puducherry (49), Telangana (59) and Karnataka (53). Bihar (7 colleges/1lakh population), Jharkhand (8) and West Bengal (11) on the other hand, are at the bottom interms college density.

Number of foreign students: There hasn’t been much improvement in the internationalisation of education in the country. There is marginal improvement in number of foreign students —47,575 in 2016-17 from 45,424 in 2015-16— with 31,779 men and 15,796 women. The highest share comes from the neighbouring countries of Nepal (23.6%), Afghanistan (9.3%) and Bhutan (4.8%).


Railways, HRD and S&T Ministry ink MoU on Technology Mission for Indian Railways

Three Ministries viz. Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ministry of Science & Technology have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for joint funding of Technology Mission for Indian Railways (TMIR).

Features of MoU

The MoU aims to facilitate co-financing of (TMIR) by investment sharing for identified railway projects for applied research. The percentage division of the funding between the three ministries for Technology Mission for Indian Railways’ is Ministry of Railways: 30% , Ministry of HRD: 25% and Department of Science & Technology: 25%.

Under the MoU, Ministry of HRD and Ministry of S&T have agreed to fund TMIR projects to the tune of Rs 75 crore each while Railways and Industries would also be contributing to their respective shares.

Technology Mission for Indian Railways

The Ministry of Railways had set up TMIR as consortium of Ministry of Railways, Ministry of HRD and Ministry of Science & Technology on investment sharing model for taking up identified railway projects for applied research and use on Indian Railways. TMIR is tasked to take up research and development projects in the areas of heavy haul, safety, energy, environment and urban railways. These projects will be implemented through Mission Implementation and Coordination Committee having members from the three Ministries, academia and industry. Moreover, these projects will be implemented in the national research and development labs and academic institutions. Moreover collaborations will be also entered with foreign institutions wherever essential.


Indian Railways will be benefitted with availability of world class indigenized technologies at very reasonable cost through this consortium approach for technology development in mission mode. Moreover, academic research institutions will be also benefitted with applied research and real situation output in form of new products for immediate use. The Indian industries will also get benefited in form of production of new items to be used on Indian Railways with additional export potential.