Human Rights Current Affairs

Michelle Bachelet: Former Chilean president appointed UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

Former Chilean president Michelle Bachelet (66) was appointed as next United Nations High Commissioner for Human Right. She was nominated by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres and her appointment was approved by UN General Assembly. She will have four year term and shall replace Jordanian diplomat Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein (served a single term, beginning in 2014).  Bachelet most recently had served as President (first women) of Chile (from 2014 to 2018 and 2006 to 2010). She was first Executive Director of UN-Women between 2010 and 2013. She has also served as Minister of Defence and Minister of Health in Chile.

UN Human Rights High Commissioner

He/she is mandated to promote and protect the universal exercise and full realization of human rights, across the world, as established in UN Charter. He/she is also principal official who speaks out for human rights across whole UN system, strengthening human rights mechanisms, enhancing equality, fighting discrimination in all its forms, strengthening accountability and rule of law, widening democratic space and protecting most vulnerable from all forms of human rights abuse. The Office was created in 1993. Bachelet will be overall seventh High Commissioner since its creation. Her predecessor Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein has been in office since 1 September 2014. His predecessors are: Jos Ayala-Lasso (1994-97); Mary Robinson (1997-2002); Sergio Vieira de Mello (2002-03); Louise Arbour (2004-08); and Navi Pillay (2008-14).

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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Cabinet approves Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018

The Union Cabinet has introduction of Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 in Parliament for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country. The Bill will amend Protection of Human Rights, 1993 which was last amended in 2006.

Salient Features of Bill

It proposes to include National Commission for Protection of Child Rights as deemed Member of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). It proposes to add woman member in composition of NHRC.

It proposes to enlarge scope of eligibility and scope of selection of Chairperson, NHRC as well as State Human Rights Commission (SHRCs). It proposes to incorporate mechanism to look after cases of human rights violation in Union Territories. It proposes to amend term of office of Chairperson and Members of NHRC and SHRCs to make it in consonance with terms of Chairperson and Members of other Commissions.

Benefits

The amendment will strengthen Human Rights Institutions of India further for effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities. Moreover, the amended act will be in perfect sync with agreed global standards and benchmarks towards ensuring rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of individual in the country. The amendment will make NHRC and SHRCs more compliant with Paris Principles concerning its autonomy, independence, pluralism and wide-ranging functions in order to effectively protect and promote human rights.

Month: Categories: Bills and Acts

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