Human Rights Current Affairs - 2019
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March 25: International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Every year 25th March is being observed as International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Significance of the day: It honours and remembers those who suffered and died as a consequence of the transatlantic slave trade. It also aims at raising awareness about the dangers of racism and prejudice
Transatlantic slave trade which had taken place over the span 400 years is considered as the worst violation of human rights in history in which more than 15 million men, women and children were the victims.
2016 Theme: “Remember Slavery: Celebrating the Heritage and Culture of the African Diaspora and its Roots”. It draws attention to the rich African traditions and culture that have impacted life in countries which were involved in the slave trade. It also marks the major contributions African diaspora in all aspects of life in these countries. It also highlights the cultural linkages that exist among people of African descent throughout the world.
- The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had declared 25 March as the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade by adopting a resolution in 2007.
- It was first observed in 2008 with the theme “Breaking the Silence, Lest We Forget”. Since then it is observed every year.
Former Chief Justice of India (CJI) HL Dattu took charge as the Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
With this, he becomes the seventh Chairman of the NHRC, highest government institution protecting human rights of citizens.
About H L Dattu
- Born as Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu on 3 December 1950 in Chikmagalur in then Mysore State.
- He had started his legal career in 1975 after enrolling as an advocate in Bangalore and dealt with all types of matters like criminal, civil, tax and Constitutional cases.
- 1983 onwards he had appeared in various capacities before the Karnataka High Court including as government pleader for sales tax department etc.
- He was designated as a senior standing counsel for I-T department. Later in 1995, he was elevated as a judge of the Karnataka High Court.
- In 2007, he was elevated as the Chief Justice of the Chhattisgarh High Court and later was shifted in the same capacity to the Kerala High Court.
- He was 42nd Chief Justice of India from September 28, 2014 to December 2, 2015. He has several landmark judgments to his credit dealing with protection of Fundamental Rights of citizens and principles of law.
About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
- NHRC is apex statutory watchdog of human rights in the country, i.e. the rights related to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international convents.
- Formed as per the statutory provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. It is multimember body consisting of Chairman and four members.
- President appoints the Chairman and members of the NHRC on the recommendation of the high-powered committee headed by the Prime Minister.
- The committee includes Prime Minister (Head), Lok Sabha Speaker, Union Home Minister, Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha, leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.