Human Rights Current Affairs - 2020

NHRC issues notice to Rajasthan Government

On January 4, 2020 National Human Rights Commission has sent notice to the Rajasthan Government over the death of more than 100 children in the state-run hospital in Kota, Rajasthan in the month of December alone. The commission seeks a detailed report on the reasons behind the death. Union Health Ministry has sent an expert panel to conduct gap analysis of clinical protocols, human resources and equipment and paediatric services.

National Human Rights Commission

The NHRC is a public body constituted in 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights act. The commission has powers to inquire violations of human rights by government of India and by any public servant. It shall also review acts of terrorism inhibiting acts of terrorism. NHRC also studies treaties on human rights globally and suggests recommendations of their implementation.

By law, every state should set up human rights commission. However, only 22 states have such commission at state level currently. There are still eight states in India without human rights commissions. It includes Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Haryana and Uttarakhand.

Composition of NHRC

NHRC consists of a chairman who has been a judge of supreme court or Chief Justice of India. The other members include ex-judge of supreme court, ex-chief justice of high court, chair persons of national commissions of SC, ST, BC, minorities.

10 December: International Human Rights Day

Every year 10th December is celebrated as International Human Rights Day across the world. The theme for 2019 Human Rights Day is: Youth Standing up for Human Rights.’ The 2019 edition of day will celebrate the ‘youth’ as agents of change and will encourage them to amplify their voices against hate speech, discrimination, racism, bullying, and fight for climate justice, among other issues, as well as to engage a broad range of global audiences in promotion and protection of rights.

International Human Rights Day

Why 10 December? It was on this date in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), was adopted and proclaimed by United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) as the shared standard yardstick to protect human rights across the globe. UDHR was the first global enunciation of human rights as it recognized that inherent dignity and equal and inalienable rights of mankind are the foundation of justice, freedom and peace globally.

Formal establishment: However, the Human Rights Day was formally established when UNGA at its 317th Plenary Meeting on 4 December 1950, declared resolution 423(V), inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate and adopt 10 December of each year as Human Rights Day. Later in December 1993, UNGA announced to celebrate Human Rights Day annually.