Human Space Mission Current Affairs - 2020

ISRO launches Massive Human Space Flight Centre in Challakere, Karnataka

On January 6, 2020, the ISRO proposed 2,700 crores of infrastructure plan to construct Human Space Flight Infrastructure Centre. The facility is to be set up at Challakere, Chitradurga district of Karnataka and is expected to become operational in three years.

Highlights

The Centre is to be located in the NH-4 Bengaluru-Pune Highway. ISRO aims to establish a self-contained training facility here. At present, astronauts part of Gaganyaan Mission, the Human Spaceflight Programme of ISRO are trained in Russia. The centre aims at bringing in all the features that are provided by Russia and begin training astronauts within the country.

Also, the centre aims to integrate the works of Human Spaceflight Programme that are currently spread across various centres such as UR Rao Satellite Centre, Bengaluru, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram and Institute of Aerospace Medicine of Air Force.

If successful in the Gaganyaan mission, India will become the fourth country after US, Russia and China to send humans to space. In order to achieve this, India is also working on preparing ready to eat foods at DFRL (Defence Food Research Laboratory).

Challakere-The Science City

The city is located at 400 km from Bengaluru. It is called the science city as it accommodated facilities of ISRO. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, DRDO’s Advanced Aeronautical Test Range and Indian institute of Science.

ISRO, DRDO signs MoUs to provide technologies for Human Space Mission

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed Memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to provide technologies for development of human centric systems for Human Space Mission to demonstrate its human space flight capabilities.

ISRO aims to demonstrate country’s human spaceflight capability before 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022.

Key Highlights of MoU

The set of MoUs were signed between a delegation of ISRO scientists with various DRDO labs to provide technologies for human centric systems and technologies specific to Human Space Mission. The MoUs were signed by Directors of-

  • Aerial Delivery Research & Development Establishment (ADRDE)
  • Defence Food Research Laboratory (DFRL)
  • Defence Bio-Engineering & Electro Medical Laboratory (DEBEL)
  • Defence Laboratory (DL) Jodhpur
  • Centre for Fire, Explosive & Environment Safety (CFEES)
  • Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS)
  • Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS)

As per MoU, technological capabilities existing in DRDO labs for various defence applications will be customised to meet requirements of ISRO’s human space mission.

To meet the stringent timelines, DRDO has already initiated customisation of required technologies and all necessary support to ISRO for the human space flight.

Certain critical technologies that would be provided by DRDO to ISRO includes-

  • space food and space crew health monitoring and emergency survival kit
  • parachutes for safe recovery of crew module
  • radiation measurement and protection