Human Trafficking Current Affairs - 2020

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India-Myanmar MoU on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

Union Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Myanmar on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons; Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-integration of victims of Trafficking. The cabinet was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key Highlights of MoU

Objective:

  • To increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of prevention, rescue, recovery and repatriation related to victims of human Trafficking as well as to strengthen friendship bonds between India-Myanmar
  • To strengthen cooperation for preventing all forms of human trafficking and protecting and assisting victims of trafficking.

Provisions:

Prevent trafficking in persons by strengthening immigration and border controls cooperation and implementation of strategies with relevant Ministries and Organizations of both the countries.

Set up Working Groups or Task Force to make efforts to prevent human trafficking as well as undertake Capacity building programmes for the agencies concerned of both countries.

Developing and sharing database on traffickers and victims of trafficking in a safe and confidential manner and exchanging information via designated focal points of India and Myanmar.

Formulating and adopting Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration of the victims of trafficking and at the same time ensuring speedy investigation and prosecution of traffickers and organized crime syndicates in either country.

Background

Human Trafficking has national and international consequence therefore its complex nature calls for a multidimensional strategy in tackling it at both domestic/regional/international level. Being global in scope, international cooperation and collaboration is essential to check trafficking in persons.

Moreover, strengthening cooperation between India’s and Myanmar’s border control agencies as well as establishing direct channels of communication can be an effective tool in countering trafficking in persons and promoting cross-border and regional cooperation.

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30 July: World Day Against Trafficking in Persons

United Nations (UN) observed World Day Against Trafficking in Persons on July 30 to raise awareness of the plight of human trafficking victims, and promote and protect their rights. The theme for this year was ‘Human Trafficking: Call Your Government To Action’.

Background

UN- International Labour Organization (ILO) defines human trafficking as trade of humans, most commonly for purpose of forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation or sexual slavery for the trafficker or others. It estimates that 21 million people are victims of forced labour globally which includes victims of human trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNDOC) Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, women and girls comprise 71% of human trafficking victims and additionally children make up almost one third of all human trafficking victims worldwide.

About World Day against Trafficking in Persons

This day was proclaimed by UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 2013 by adopting resolution A/RES/68/192 in 2013. This resolution had declared that the main objective of observance of this day is to raise awareness of situation of victims of human trafficking and for promotion and protection of their rights.

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