Humayun’s Tomb Current Affairs - 2020

April 18: World Heritage Day

Every year April 18 is observed as the World Heritage Day. The day is also celebrated as the International Day of Monuments and sites.

Highlights

The World Heritage Day is celebrated to create awareness about diversity, heritage and vulnerability of the monuments and heritage sites. The World Heritage sites are defined as man-made areas or natural areas that hold international importance and requires special protection.

Theme

This year the World Heritage Day, 2020 is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Shared Culture, Shared heritage and Shared responsibility

The theme focuses on the current COVID-19 crisis. The theme aims to increase global unity to fight against the outbreak

India

In India, five Delhi monuments are to be illuminated to celebrate World Heritage Day. These five monuments include Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Safdarjung’s Tomb, Red Fort and Purana Qila. These sites are to be illuminated by Archaeological Survey of India.

ICOMOS

The International Council on Monuments and Sites in 1982 announced April 18 as World Heritage Day. It was approved by the UNESCO in 1983. The organization was established based on the principles of Venice Charter framed in 1964.

10 Monuments to be open for public from sunrise till 9 PM

Union Culture and Tourism Minister of State (independent charge) Prahlad Patel announced that 10 centrally protected monuments across India will be open to public from sunrise till 9 p.m. Currently gates of most monuments are closed for visitors by 5:30-6 pm.

Key Highlights

Change in timings will be effective for a period of 3 years.

Extended timings will apply to-

  1. Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi
  2. Safdarjung Tomb in Delhi
  3. Rajarani Temple in Bhubaneswar
  4. Dulhadev Temple in Khajuraho
  5. Shekh Chilli Tomb in Kurukshetra
  6. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal in Karnataka
  7. Gol Gumbaj in Karnataka
  8. Group of Temples in Maharashtra (Markanda)
  9. Man Mahal in Uttar Pradesh (Varanasi)
  10. Rani ki Baav in Paatan, Gujarat.

Background

Proposal to keep some tourist sites open till 9 pm was 1st proposed by former Union Minister of State for Culture, and Tourism Alphons Kannanthanam who favoured that tourists should be given maximum opportunity to visit heritage sites.

Later a committee formed by two ministries (Culture Ministry and Tourism Ministry) to discuss proposals coming in from states had discussed 35 such monuments which were proposed to be kept open till 10 pm for public. However, a decision was taken by committee to introduce new timings in 10 of sites in first phase and restrict time till 9 pm.