Hungary Current Affairs - 2019
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Zuzana Caputova has won Slovakia’s presidential election, making her the country’s first female head of state. Ms Caputova defeated high-profile diplomat Maros Sefcovic, nominated by the governing party. She won 58% of the vote, with Mr Sefcovic trailing on 42%. Mr Sefcovic is the vice president of the European Commission.
Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia is a member of the European Union and NATO.
Slovakia was the “other half” of Czechoslovakia, which split into two countries in 1993.
Slovakia’s which spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) is mostly mountainous. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, and the second largest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak and Euro is its national currency.
Hungarian Government has declared a state of emergency in its two regions of Csongrad and Bacs-Kiskun to cope with the influx of refugees. It was declared by Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
This move could pave the way to bringing in Hungary’s military to patrol the frontier bordering Serbia to stop illegal influx.
This declaration comes after more than 10,000 people claiming to be Syrian and Afghan refugees were detained by Hungarian police for illegally crossing the border from Serbia.
- Hungary’s decision will effect in closure main route of the European Union (EU) border for the illegal refugee influx chain. But it is said that after closing of main route, refugees will divert their route from other countries.
- Being a central European nation, Hungary had emerged as epicenter of a refugee crisis which had erupted after an unprecedented number of people from North African (Libya, Eritrea, Sudan etc) and Middle Eastern (Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan etc) countries started relocating to European Countries for seeking refuge and better life conditions.
- So far in 2015, over 200,000 refugees have reached Hungary by walking across the southern border with Serbia by crossing Turkey, Greece and Mediterranean Sea.
It should be noted that European countries are witnessing a greatest illegal refugee crisis since World War II and is considered as one of the worst humanitarian crisis. Earlier in September 2015, Germany had introduced border controls along its Austrian border to check refugee influx. It had led to Germany’s temporarily exit from the Schengen Agreement of EU which facilitates unhindered movement of people within the EU countries.