Hunger Current Affairs - 2020
On May 13, 2020, the World Health Organization released Global Nutrition Report, 2020.
According to the report, India is one among the 88 countries that are to miss global nutrition targets set for the year 2025. India also has highest rates of domestic inequalities, especially in malnutrition. Along with Nigeria and Indonesia, India was declared the least performing in case of disparities in stunting.
The Four Nutritional Indicators
The major 4 nutritional indicators are anemia among women in reproductive age, stunting among children under-5, exclusive breast feeding and childhood overweight. The report says that India is to miss the target on all four nutritional indicators.
According to the report, between 2000 and 2016, underweight has decreased to 58.1% from 66% for boys. And for girls, it has decreased from 54.2% to 50.1%. Though the decrease is evident, it is still higher than that of Asian average which is 35.6% for boys and 31.8% for girls.
Around 9% of under-5 children in India are stunted and 20.8% are wasted. At least 21.6% of Indian women and 17.8% of Indian men were anaemic.
The Global Nutrition Report was conceived during the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit that was held in 2013.
What are the Global Nutrition Targets?
The World Health Assembly in 2012 fixed nutrition targets. They are as follows
- To reduce anaemic conditions among women by 50%
- To reduce stunting in under-5 children by 40%
- To reduce underweight births by 30%
- To reduce childhood wasting to less than 5%.
About the report
The report asks governments to focus on malnutrition as COVID-19 is threatening food systems and health. On in nine people in the world are hungry and undernourished.
Tags: Anemia • COVID-19 • Global Nutrition Report • Hunger • Malnutrition
Food regulator FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) and Nasscom Foundation, a trade association of Indian IT and Business Process Outsourcing industry, have signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to jointly build a technology platform to prevent food wastage and encouraging food donation by developing an app for the purpose. The collaboration is a significant step in the direction of leveraging technology for solutions of social problems.
FSSAI and Nasscom (National Association of Software and Services Companies) Foundation will develop a common 24×7 helpline number and a mobile application ‘Food Donation in India’ to donate food to the needy. The helpline number will connect donors with surplus edibles to food distribution organisations.
Platform will help in facilitating registration of surplus food distribution organisations. Initially, the network of 81 such organizations across India, known as Indian Food Sharing Alliance (IFSA) will be a part of the platform.
Significance: The collaboration would provide a recognition to organisations involved in surplus food distribution and would help in reducing the wastage of food in country through food donation.This solution will also provide an easy accessible platform that will cater to different stakeholders such as food businesses, hoteliers, caterers, individuals etc and will facilitate food donations in any part of country.