Hybrid vehicles Current Affairs - 2020

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2636 EV Charging Stations sanctioned under Phase II FAME India

The Department of Heavy Industries operating under Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises has sanctioned 2636 Electric Vehicle (EV) charging stations under FAME India scheme Phase II. The stations are to be set in 62 cities in 24 states and Union Territories.

Highlights

The aim of the move is to make sure at least one Electric Vehicle charging station is available in a grid of 4 km × 4km area in the selected cities. Out of the 2636 charging stations to be constructed, 1633 will be fast charging stations and 1003 are to be slow charging stations.

FAME India

FAME India is Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles. The objective of the scheme is to increase the use of electric and hybrid vehicles by offering incentives. The phase I of the scheme was launched on April 1, 2015 with an allocated budget of Rs 895 crores. The phase II was launched on April 1, 2019 with an allocated budget of Rs 10,000 crores.

Charging Technologies

India has planned to use three charging technologies. It includes CHAdeMO, Indian Bharat Standard and Combined Charging System (CCS). CHAdeMO is a quick charging method that delivers up to 62.5 KW by 500 volt and 125 ampere DC (Direct Current). The CCS involves both DC and AC charging.

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FAME-II Scheme and Energy Needs

The government had introduced the FAME II scheme to boost the adoption of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has made the following observations about the scheme:

  • It estimates that India can save 64% of anticipated road-based mobility-related energy demand and 37% of carbon emissions in 2030 by pursuing a shared, electric, and connected mobility future.
  • This reduction in energy demand would result in the reduction of 156 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in diesel and petrol consumption for that year and net saving of approximately $60 billion in 2030 at present oil prices.
  • Further, this would give impetus to India’s vision of reducing oil imports by 10% by 2022.
  • The electric vehicle penetration in India is currently at just 1%, FAME alone is not enough to reach the 30% electric vehicles target by 2030.
  • CII calls for boosting of the domestic manufacturing of vehicles, components and batteries needed to be boosted, along with skill development across the value chain, and the strategic sourcing of key raw material.
  • For transport to go truly green, there must be accompanied by a rising share of renewables along with environmentally sustainable batteries.

Transport sector in India continues to be the highest oil consuming sector and the use of diesel and petrol grew at 5.9% and 9.9% respectively in the last 10 years. India’s import dependency on oil has increased from 78.3 per cent of total consumption in 2014-15 to settling at a new high of 83.7% in the 10-month period of FY19. Hence FAME scheme has multiple benefits for both the economy and environment.

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