Hyderabad Current Affairs - 2019

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CFTRI to send food to Cyclone Fani hit areas

Mysore based Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), has prepared nearly one lakh meals for distribution in cyclone Fani hit areas of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. The severe cyclonic storm named Cyclone Fani had recently made a landfall impact on May 3, 2019 in Puri on Odisha coast.

About CFTRI

  • It is a premier food research laboratory under Ministry of Science and Technology (MoS&T), Government of India. It is Council of Scientific and Industrial Research’s (CSIR) constituent laboratory.
  • It was established in 1950 and is headquartered in Mysore, Karnataka. Its resource centers are in Hyderabad, Lucknow and Mumbai.

Functions

  • It develops technologies to increase efficiency and reduce post-harvest crop losses, increase export, add conveniences and find new sources of food products, integrate human resources in food industries, reduce costs and modernize supply chains.
  • Some of its research areas are Food engineering, food biotechnology, microbiology, grain sciences, sensory science, Biochemistry, Molecular Nutrition and food safety.

Past Initiatives

In past disaster, CFTRI has sent food and relief material to Kerala during floods in 2018 and in 2013 flood victims of Uttarakhand.

Month: Categories: Governance & Politics

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Enzyme to Arrest Bacteria Cell Growth Discovered

Scientists from the Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology (CCMB) have discovered a new enzyme which helps in breaking cell walls of bacteria. This discovery offers the potential for a new drug delivery system to arrest the anti-bacterial resistance through existing antibiotic drugs.

Why the discovery is of great significance?

A lot of antibiotics are available in the market to combat various diseases like cholera typhoid, leprosy. Now there is a growing concern over the bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics, which means that small infections can also become a threat to a patient.

The researchers have discovered a new enzyme “Murein EndopeptidiaseK” which would cut the bacteria cell wall. The enzyme Murein EndopeptidiaseK would act on the protein of the cell wall of the bacteria and it can be a potential drug target. This discovery of a new enzyme will ensure the cell wall synthesis would not occur.

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) is a biotechnology research establishment in Hyderabad and operates under the aegis of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). CCMB is also a designated “Center of Excellence” by the Global Molecular and Cell Biology Network, UNESCO.

Month: Categories: Science & TechnologyUPSC

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