Hyderabad Current Affairs - 2019
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The Floating Treatment Wetland (FTW) was inaugurated on World Wetlands Day (February 2) in Neknampur Lake in Hyderabad to clean and purify the polluted waterbody. Plants planted on FTW can clean the lake by absorbing nitrates and other pollutants in the water.
FTW is joint effort of NGO Dhruvansh, Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA), district administration and other organisations. It measures around 3,000 sq. ft and comprises four layers viz. floatable bamboo at base, styrofoam cubicles above it. The third layer consists of gunny bags and gravels on final layer to support cleaning agents (plants). Cleaning agents planted on FTW include vetivers, cattalis, canna, bulrush, citronella, hibiscus, fountain grass, flowering herbs, tulsi and ashvagandha.
FTW’s working is based on soil-less hydroponics technique. Hydroponics permits plants to grow only on sunlight and water. There is no need of soil. There are small holes at bottom of base which facilitates flow of nutrients from water to plants through biological uptake process.
Micro-organisms growing on FTW and plant root systems of cleaning agents break down and consume organic matter in water through microbial decomposition. The root systems filter out sediments and pollutants, reduce content of these chemicals from waterbody.
The Union Cabinet approved the establishment of International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOO), as a Category-2 Centre (C2C) of UNESCO, in Hyderabad, Telangana.
The purpose of this agreement is to establish training centre towards development of capacity for countries on Indian Ocean Rim (IOR), African countries bordering Indian and Atlantic Oceans, small island countries under framework of UNESCO.
It is an activity of conducting systematic oceanographic studies towards providing information services to various sectors viz. fisherman, shipping, ports, disaster management, environment, coastal states, navy, coast guard, offshore industries for conducting their day-to- day operations.
C2C of UNESCO at ITCOO
The Centre will provide assistance in areas of capacity building and training, knowledge sharing and exchange of information, and hence could represent valuable resource for UNESCO and its Intergovernmental Oceanography Commission (IOC) by enhancing impact and visibility of UNESCO’s action.
The centre will provide opportunity for India to emerge as leading country in Indian Ocean. It will forge cooperation and improve engagement between India and counties of IOR, including South Asian and African states bordering Indian Ocean.
The centre will respond to worldwide increasing need to build technical and management capacity to address marine and coastal sustainability issues and prepare region for and react efficiently to marine natural hazards. It will contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal-14 related to building marine scientific research capacity in geographical area. It will also fulfill commitments to support Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States.