Hydroelectricity Current Affairs
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated 300 MW Kishanganga Hydroelectric Project in Bandipora District of Jammu & Kashmir. He also laid foundation stone of 1000 MW capacity Pakal Dul Power Project.
Pakal Dul HydroElectric Project
Pakal Dul Dam is proposed 167m concrete-face rock-fill dam (CFRD) on Marusadar River, a tributary of Chenab River in Kishtwar district of J&K. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation. Its underground power house has four units each of 250 MW capacity (total 1000 MW).
With 1000 MW capacity, it will be largest Hydro Power Project in J&K on completion. It will be also first storage project in J&K. Its project cost is shared by Government of India as well as the Government of J&K. It will have immense benefits for J&K by supplying power and also by improving water availability during lean season.
Kishangana HydroElectric Project
It is 37 m high concrete faced rockfill dam (CFRD) constructed on Kishanganga River in Jhelum River basin in Bandipore in Jammu and Kashmir. Its construction was started in 2007 and completed in 2016. It has underground power House with 3 Units of 110 MW capacity each (330 MW). Its all units were synchronised in May 2018. It will provide a free power of 13% to the state, which will be around Rs. 133 crore per year.
Union Cabinet approves the Revised Cost Estimate of Punatsangchhu-II Hydroelectric Project in Bhutan
The Union Cabinet has given its approval for Revised Cost Estimate (RCE) of 7290.62 crore rupees for the ongoing 1020 MW Punatsangchhu-II Hydroelectric Project (HEP) in Bhutan.
The Hydroelectric project seeks to provide surplus power to India and thus augment power availability in the country.
The approval of RCE would enable project works to proceed smoothly without interruption and the total cost escalation for the project after RCE at this stage is 3512.82 crore rupees.
- India and Bhutan had signed a bilateral agreement to execute the Punatsangchhu-II HEP in April 2010.
- The project was approved cost of 3777.8 crore rupees with funding by Union Government as 30% grant and 70% loan at 10% annual interest.
- The main factors behind cost escalation were due to inflation from March 2009 to March 2015 and increase in capacity of HEP from 990 MW to 1020 MW.
- Besides, change in surface power house to underground power house and additional requirements of Bhutan’s National Transmission Grid Master Plan and adverse geological condition also escalated the cost.