IAEA Current Affairs - 2019
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International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has ended its 12-year investigation into concerns that Iran might be developing nuclear weapons.
In this regard, IAEA Board of Governors have passed a resolution ending its long-running inquiry against Ian but allowing inspectors to continue to police the country’s nuclear programme.
Earlier IAEA has concluded that Iran had conducted nuclear weapons-related research until 2003 and to a lesser extent until 2009, but found no evidence was found.
The move is seen as a key step towards lifting UN, EU and US sanctions and a symbolic victory for Iran. Earlier in July 2015, P5+1 nations and Iran had agreed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to lift the sanctions.
Under the JCPOA, sanctions against the Iran would be lifted over a series of years in exchange for curbing its nuclear programme. However, Iran has strongly denied pursuing a clandestine nuclear weapons programme. It has clearly positioned itself that its nuclear programme civilian purpose and not for military purpose.
About International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- IAEA is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
- It was established as an autonomous organization in 1957 through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute.
- The IAEA has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria.
- It is independent of the United Nations but reports to both the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and Security Council (UNSC).
As per recently published data, India has been placed at 12th position among the 31 countries in the world in terms of power (electricity) generation from nuclear source.
The data was published by the Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). However, India was placed at 6th position in terms of number of reactors in operation country-wise.
Present installed nuclear power capacity of India is around 5780 MW. This capacity is expected to increase to 10080 MW on progressive completion of projects under construction and commissioning by 2019.
Current projects are
- Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) Units I and II with capacity of 2X700 MW and Kudankulam Units III and IV with capacity of 2X1000 MW are expected to be launched by end of 2015. Thus, they will add additional 3400 MW capacity.
- 1 Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) of 500 MW capacity is in the stage of commissioning at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu. While, construction of 2 more FBR I and II of 600 MW capacity each are also planned at Kalpakkam.
In order to meet, nuclear fuel demand India has signed nuclear agreements with number of countries including US, Canada, Kazakhstan, Russia, France, Australia, Namibia, Mongolia, South Korea, Argentina, United Kingdom and Sri Lanka.
Apart from singing agreements, India also has opened paths for negotiation with other friendly countries that have potential to make contribution to country’s nuclear energy programme.