IAF Current Affairs - 2019

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Kharga Prahar: Army training exercise concludes

The “Kharga Prahar”, a major training exercise conducted by the Indian Army in Punjab from 27 May 2019 concluded on 4 June 2019.

Key Highlights of Exercise

  • Kharga Prahar exercise was undertaken in plains of Punjab by various units and formations of Army’s Kharga Corps.
  • The exercise was successful in validating latest operational concepts which are designed to deliver a swift punitive blow to India’s adversary.
  • The exercise brought out valuable lessons and also reinforced a high degree of operational preparedness of the Kharga Corps.
  • Joint Training: The exercise setting also incorporated joint training aspects as Indian Air Force (IAF) components also participated. As part of training para drops from IAF aircraft were carried out and simulated battlefield air strikes were conducted in support of ground forces.

About Kharga Corps

  • The Indian Army’s II Corps, based in Ambala is known as Kharga Corps. It has been stationed at Ambala since 1985.
  • If conflict or war breaks out between India and neighbouring Pakistan, in such case it has a mandate to launch offensive attack.
  • Kharga possesses 50% of Indian Army’s offensive capabilities and on integration with multiple military formations it has proved an effective weapon in various wars.
  • In 1971, Bangladesh Liberation War Khara Corps was positioned in West Bengal and helped in division of Pakistan. During the Kargil conflict in 1999 this elite force was deployed somewhere in the desert sector.

 

Month: Categories: Defence & SecurityUPSC

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BrahMos Air Launched Missile test fired from a Su-30 MKI

The Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully fired aerial version of supersonic BrahMos cruise missile from a Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft.

Key Highlights

  • About: The IAF successfully fired BrahMos Air Launched Missile from its frontline Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft.
  • Background: Earlier on 22 November 2017, the IAF became World’s first Air Force to successfully fire an air launched 2.8 Mach surface attack missile of this category on a sea target. Since then this was the second such live launch of weapon.
  • Result: The launch from Su-30 MKI aircraft was smooth and missile followed desired calculated trajectory before directly hitting land target.
  • Safety: The firing was successfully undertaken with dedicated support from Indian Navy which ensured that large number of monitoring ship are available for ensuring range safety clearance.
  • Significance: The capability of BrahMos missile coupled with superlative performance of Su-30MKI aircraft gives IAF its desired strategic reach.
  • Complex Process: The integration of missile weapon on aircraft was a very complex process which involved electrical, mechanical and software modifications on aircraft. The IAF engineers undertook software development of aircraft and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) carried out mechanical and electrical modifications on aircraft.
  • Others involved: The dedicated and synergetic efforts of IAF, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and BrahMos Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. (BAPL) proved the nation’s capability of undertaking such complex integrations.

About BrahMos Air Launched Missile

  • It is a 2.5 ton supersonic air to surface cruise missile. It range is close to 300 km, and is designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. (BAPL).
  • The BrahMos missile provides IAF a much desired capability of striking on any target at sea or on land from large stand-off ranges with pinpoint accuracy by day or night and that too in all weather conditions.

Month: Categories: Defence & Security

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