IB Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Home Ministry has announced setting up of a Terror Monitoring Group (TMG) to ensure synergised and concerted action against terror financing and terror-related activities in Jammu and Kashmir.
Mandate of the Terror Monitoring Group
- Taking action against hardcore sympathisers among government employees including teacher’s etc providing overt or covert support to such activities.
- TMG will act against all registered cases related to terror, terror financing and terror-related activities and bring them to a logical conclusion.
- TMG shall identify all key persons including leaders of the organisations who are involved in supporting terrorism in any form and take concerted action against them. Investigate the networks of various channels being used to fund terror and terror-related activities and take action to stop the flow of such funds.
- TMG will also investigate the network of various channels being used to fund terror and terror-related activities and take coordinated action to stop the flow of such funds.
The seven-member TMG shall be headed by the Jammu and Kashmir additional director general of police (ADGP) and have representatives from the Intelligence Bureau (IB), CBI, NIA, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), and Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC). The Jammu and Kashmir police inspector-general shall be the seventh member of the TMG. Strangely the Enforcement Directorate (ED), which has attached several properties in terror funding cases, did not find mention in the order.
Tags: CBDT • CBI • CBIC • Central Board of Direct Taxes • Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs • ED • Enforcement Directorate • IB • Intelligence Bureau • Jammu and Kashmir • NIA • Terror Financing • Terror Monitoring Group • Union Home Ministry
A PIL has been filed in the Supreme Court by advocate Manohar Lal Sharma challenging the government’s notification authorising 10 central agencies to intercept, monitor and decrypt any computer system.
What was the Order of the Home Ministry?
As per the notification of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, 10 central probe and snoop agencies are empowered under the Information Technology (IT) Act to carry out interception and analysis of data stored in any computer.
The 10 agencies empowered were Intelligence Bureau, Narcotics Control Bureau, Enforcement Directorate, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (for Income Tax Department), Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Central Bureau of Investigation, National Investigation Agency, the Research and Analysis Wing, Directorate of Signal Intelligence (in service areas of J-K, North East and Assam) and Delhi Police commissioner.
The order binds the service providers or any person in charge of the computer resource to extend all facilities and technical assistance to the agencies and a failure to do so is penalised with seven-year imprisonment and fine.
Why the order has been challenged?
The reasons cited by the Advocate Manohar Lal Sharma in his PIL are:
- The notification was illegal, unconstitutional and ultra vires to the law.
- The notification was being issued to restrict the political opponent, thinker and speaker to control the entire country under dictatorship to win coming general election under an undisclosed emergency as well as slavery which cannot be permitted within the Constitution of India.
- The notification provides for blanket surveillance which must be tested against the fundamental right to privacy.
- The notification enables the state to access every communication, computer and mobile and to use it to protect the political interest and object of the present executive political party.
- The notification tries to create a surveillance state.
The government has defended the decision citing national security and claiming that the order was a mere repetition of the rules passed during the UPA regime in 2009.