ICAR Current Affairs - 2020

Farmer Welfare: Krishi Vigyan Mela, Krishi Vigyan Kendra Conference launched

The GoI is taking several steps to double farmers income by 2022. In order to help achieve the target, Krishi Vigyan Mela and Krishi Vigyan Kendra Conference were inaugurated by Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar.

Krishi Vigyan Kendra Conference

The 11th Krishi Vigyan Kendra Conference was held in New Delhi recently. Krishi Vigyan Kendra means Farmer Science Centre. The Conference directed the centres to focus on small and deprived farmers.

Krishi Vigyan Kendra

These Centres are created by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research. The first Krishi Vigyan Kendra was established in 1974. These centres provide different types of farm support at district level. Also, they implement on-farm testing to assess agricultural technologies.

Krishi Vigyan Mela

The Krishi Vigyan Mela was launched to make agriculture a profitable venture. It is a fair that aims to call talents in agriculture. Several discussions at the fair were conducted to ensure superior seeds are supplied to farmers at reasonable rates.

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India develops new Vaccine to control Swine Fever

The ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)’s Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has developed cell culture Classical Swine Fever vaccine.

Significance

The vaccine will help to save several rabbits. This is because the current vaccine called the Lapinised CSF (Classical Swine Fever) being used is produced by sacrificing large number of rabbits.

The new vaccine invented gives immunity for 2 years as compared to the previous vaccines that provided immunity for 3 to 6 months.

Need

The deadly fever in pigs contribute to 10% of the country’s total meat production. The CSF is one of the deadliest diseases of pigs that is causing loss of Rs 400 crores to India annually. It is also one of the reasons for the swine population to decline in 2019 as compared to the previous census 2012.

Current Scenario

The total requirement of the vaccine in India is 22 million doses per year. However, hardly 1.2 million doses are being produced currently. This is because, only 50 doses can be produced from a rabbit spleen.

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