ICAR Current Affairs - 2020
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On January 14, 2020, the Agricultural Scientist Prof M S Swaminathan was awarded the “Muppavarapu Venenkaiah Naidu” National award. The award was also presented to Mr Muniratnam. Mr Muniratnam was the first person to receive the award four days back.
The professor was made the honours during Pongal celebrations at Raj Bhavan in Chennai. The award carried cash prize of Rs 5 lakhs. During the celebrations, the professor was titled as “Father of Green Revolution and the Doyen of Agricultural Science”.
Muppavarapu foundation is a non-profit organisation started by Mr Muppavarapu Harshavardhan, son of Vice President Venkaiah Naidu. The organisation arranges training on latest technologies. The trainings are predominantly offered in the fields of horticulture, agriculture, animal husbandry, home science, fisheries, vermi culture and mushroom culture.
M S Swaminathan
Mr Swaminathan is an Indian Geneticist. He played a major role in Green Revolution programme of India. He has played the role of director general of ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), director of IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) and president of IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). He was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.
The Great Bengal Famine kindled the professor’s interest towards agriculture. He left his doctor profession and learned agriculture from University of Kerala. He also conquered UPSC and qualified for IPS.
Tags: Green Revolution • ICAR • IRRI • IUCN • M S Swaminathan
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Board of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed Memorandum of Understanding on December 13, 2019. The agreement was signed to facilitate the research and technologies to develop climate resilient practices in the agriculture sector and hi-tech farming practices.
Under the agreement, the organizations will take up technology transfer in integrated farming system, agro-forestry, crop intensification, horticulture and plantation. The initiative will help to strengthen the competition among NABARD officers and other working partners. The agreement will also help to upgrade technologies developed by ICAR. It includes hi-tech farming practices, climate resilient practices and models. It will also aid in evaluation of NABARD assisted projects like farm-mechanization, agri-incubation centres, and report generation for climate change projects.
In order to develop climate resilient agriculture, GoI has launched several initiatives. One among them is the National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).
NICRA was launched in 2011. The project has three main objectives namely strategic research, capacity building and technology demonstrations. NICRA has four main modules namely crop production, natural resource management, improving soil health and livestock. Though the scheme was launched for 2 years, it was extended and is still active. The scheme is implemented by ICAR.
The main objectives of the scheme include enhancing resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, fisheries, livestock. It will also demonstrate technology specific packages for Indian farmers to adapt to climate risks. The scheme will also enhance the capacity of scientists in climate resilient agricultural research and application.