ICAR Current Affairs - 2020

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India develops new Vaccine to control Swine Fever

The ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)’s Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has developed cell culture Classical Swine Fever vaccine.

Significance

The vaccine will help to save several rabbits. This is because the current vaccine called the Lapinised CSF (Classical Swine Fever) being used is produced by sacrificing large number of rabbits.

The new vaccine invented gives immunity for 2 years as compared to the previous vaccines that provided immunity for 3 to 6 months.

Need

The deadly fever in pigs contribute to 10% of the country’s total meat production. The CSF is one of the deadliest diseases of pigs that is causing loss of Rs 400 crores to India annually. It is also one of the reasons for the swine population to decline in 2019 as compared to the previous census 2012.

Current Scenario

The total requirement of the vaccine in India is 22 million doses per year. However, hardly 1.2 million doses are being produced currently. This is because, only 50 doses can be produced from a rabbit spleen.

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Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu National Award to Prof M S Swaminathan

On January 14, 2020, the Agricultural Scientist Prof M S Swaminathan was awarded the “Muppavarapu Venenkaiah Naidu” National award. The award was also presented to Mr Muniratnam. Mr Muniratnam was the first person to receive the award four days back.

Highlights

The professor was made the honours during Pongal celebrations at Raj Bhavan in Chennai. The award carried cash prize of Rs 5 lakhs.  During the celebrations, the professor was titled as “Father of Green Revolution and the Doyen of Agricultural Science”.

Muppavarapu foundation

Muppavarapu foundation is a non-profit organisation started by Mr Muppavarapu Harshavardhan, son of Vice President Venkaiah Naidu. The organisation arranges training on latest technologies. The trainings are predominantly offered in the fields of horticulture, agriculture, animal husbandry, home science, fisheries, vermi culture and mushroom culture.

M S Swaminathan

Mr Swaminathan is an Indian Geneticist. He played a major role in Green Revolution programme of India. He has played the role of director general of ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), director of IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) and president of IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). He was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.

The Great Bengal Famine kindled the professor’s interest towards agriculture. He left his doctor profession and learned agriculture from University of Kerala. He also conquered UPSC and qualified for IPS.

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