ICAR Current Affairs - 2019

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ICAR and CSIR sign MoU for working together on Food and Agriculture

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and  Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have signed an MoU to collaborate in the area of food and agriculture.

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

  • Both ICAR and CSIR will work together on mutually agreed areas of agri-foods, medicinal and aromatic plants, nutraceuticals, precision agriculture, big data analysis, use of artificial intelligence, genetic modifications in cotton, application of sensors in agriculture, post-harvest management and agricultural mechanisation.
  • The network of  Krishi Vigyan Kendras of ICAR would be utilised for technology demonstration and dissemination.
  • The MoU also proposes a joint working committee to deliberate and formulate the collaborative programmes and will meet four times a year.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation headquartered at New Delhi and works under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Earlier known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research is the apex body in India for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is a contemporary R&D organization of the government of India and is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase.

CSIR was established by the Government of India in September of 1942 as an autonomous body under the Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR activities cover a wide spectrum of science and technology from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.

Cabinet approves Three Year Action Plan of Agricultural Education Division & ICAR Institutes

The Union Cabinet has approved continuation of Three Year Action Plan (2017-2020) of scheme for Agricultural Education Division and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes. The plan aims at strengthening and developing higher agricultural education in India.

The scheme comprises of Strengthening and Development of Higher Agricultural Education in India and ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM) and ICAR-Central Institute of Women in Agriculture (CIWA) including All India Coordinated Research Project on Home Science (AICRP-HS).

Key Facts

The scheme aims to generate quality human resources from institutions of higher agricultural education. It encompasses several new initiatives including, steps to attract talented students, reducing academic inbreeding and addressing faculty shortage.

The scheme takes care of mitigating faculty shortage, international ranking, promoting innovations, inspired teacher network, reducing inbreeding, academia interface, technology enabled learning, post-doctoral fellowships, agriculture education portal, scientific social responsibility etc. for quality assurance ranking of agricultural universities has been linked to financial support under scheme along with accreditation.

It will support for strengthening and modernization of infrastructure related to student and faculty amenities and capacity building of both faculty and students in cutting edge areas through niche area of excellence programme will improve teaching and encouraging holistic development of the students.

Significance

This scheme will lead to generation of competitive and confident human resource in agricultural education. It will aid in formulating gender-equitable agricultural, policies and programmes and gender-sensitive agricultural-sector responses and capacity building needs of human resources and stakeholders of entire National Agricultural Research & Education System (NARES). It will lead to enhancing of competencies and capacities of stakeholders including farmers, young scientists, students and agri-industry in NARES by ICAR-NAARM (National Academy of Agricultural Research Management).

Background

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) undertakes planning, development, coordination and quality assurance in higher agricultural education through partnership with 75 Agricultural Universities (AUs) across country. The human resource developed by AUs has played pivotal role in transforming agricultural scenario to achieve self-sufficiency. The NAARM has played key role in enhancing capacities of individuals and institutions of NARES in agricultural research, education and technology management. The CIWA has been providing leadership role in empowering farm women as in changing agricultural scenario roles and responsibilities of women in agriculture.