ICAR Current Affairs - 2020

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Make in India: Diagnostic kits released

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) have developed two diagnostic kits under Make in India initiative. The kits are called Blue tongue sandwich ELISA (sELISA) and Japanese Encephalitis lgM ELISA.

Purpose of the kits: For control of Swine and Detection of Antigen

Key features

  • The kit helps to assess the active infection of the Japanese-Encephalitis virus in the swine population
  • These kits are highly inexpensive as compared to the commercial kits that are available in the market at price of Rs. 52,000/-. These kits cost Rs.5,000/- only.
  • Every kit can test around 45 samples
  • The kits also help in the detection of antigens in the cattle. Antigens are antibodies generated by the mammals when attacked by viruses, bacteria or other foreign matter. Based on the type of antigen being generated, the type of virus infesting the cattle can be identified.

Blue tongue virus

The Blue tongue virus is an insect-transmitted viral disease that is common among domestic animals. It is widespread among sheep, cattle, goats, camels and buffaloes. The virus can be controlled by proper vaccination to the susceptible animals. Apart from vaccination, early diagnosis and isolation of infected animals will also help control spreading of the disease. The sELISA kit helps to identify the Blue Tongue Virus.

 

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ICAR and CSIR sign MoU for working together on Food and Agriculture

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and  Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have signed an MoU to collaborate in the area of food and agriculture.

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

  • Both ICAR and CSIR will work together on mutually agreed areas of agri-foods, medicinal and aromatic plants, nutraceuticals, precision agriculture, big data analysis, use of artificial intelligence, genetic modifications in cotton, application of sensors in agriculture, post-harvest management and agricultural mechanisation.
  • The network of  Krishi Vigyan Kendras of ICAR would be utilised for technology demonstration and dissemination.
  • The MoU also proposes a joint working committee to deliberate and formulate the collaborative programmes and will meet four times a year.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation headquartered at New Delhi and works under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Earlier known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research is the apex body in India for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is a contemporary R&D organization of the government of India and is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase.

CSIR was established by the Government of India in September of 1942 as an autonomous body under the Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR activities cover a wide spectrum of science and technology from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.

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