ICC Current Affairs - 2020

ICC bans use of saliva to shine a Cricket Ball

On May 18, 2020, Anil Kumble led ICC (International Cricket Committee) banned the use of saliva to shine the ball. The practice meant for swing bowling is now primarily held as health risk due to the threats of COVID-19

Highlights

The former Indian Cricket player Anil Kumble is the current chairman of ICC Cricket Committee. The Committee has banned use of saliva to shine a cricket ball. However, the ICC Cricket Committee saw no harm in use of sweat to shine the ball. Instead use of artificial substance to shine the ball is being considered.

Apart from this, the committee also recommended to increase use of DRS review per innings from two to three.

Why is saliva or sweat used?

The swing of the cricket ball is mainly governed by three factors namely shiny side, climatic conditions and behaviour of the pitch. The cricket ball creates turbulence as it swings. The player uses sweat or saliva to make one side look shinier. This helps to create challenging conditions to the batsman. It is legal and allowed in all matches conducted by ICC. It is called ball tampering.

Ball Tampering is usually done after the ball wears away in the second half of a match.

Types of swinging

There are two types of swinging namely conventional swinging and reverse swinging. During conventional swinging, the ball moves towards the side of greater turbulence. During reverse swinging, the ball swings the other side.

The swinging of the ball in opposite direction is mainly because, one side of the ball is shinier (or made shinier with saliva or sweat). This shinier side has reduced air friction that makes the ball swing in opposite direction creating challenging condition for the batman.

ICC Ranking: India declines from top position to third

On May 2, 2020, the International Cricket Council (ICC) announced the ranking of cricket teams. According to the ranking, Australia ranked top and India ranked third.  New Zealand was ranked second in the ranking.

Highlights

For more than 43 months India was placed at top position. The current ranking considers all the matches played since 2017. The matches played since 2017 were considered 50% and the matches played since 2019 were considered 100%.

The points of the countries include Australia with 116 points, New Zealand earned 115 points and India had earned 114 points.

The biggest fall in the ranking was suffered by South Africa. It fell by 8 points and dropped below Sri Lanka at 6th. This was because, South Africa played three series in the period selected by ICC and had lost 8 tests. It had played a total of 9 test matches since February 2019. The matches were against Sri Lanka, India and England.

History

The ICC Ranking was introduced in 2003. India’s rank was behind Australia for a period of more than 74 months since its launch.

About the Rankings

Australia for the first time has acquired top spot in T20 as well as in Test series. England had continued to lead in ODI men’s ranking.