Iceland Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released the World Happiness Report 2019. The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network ranks the world’s 156 countries on “how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be”.
Findings of the Report
- Finland topped the index of for the second year in a row and the report notes that Finland has succeeded in generating recipe that’s not dependent on economic wealth.
- Finland is followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland and The Netherlands.
- The report notes that there has been an increase in negative emotions, including worry, sadness and anger across the world and the overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years.
- None of the world’s major economic powerhouses made it to the top 10.
- The United Kingdom stood at a rank of 15 (from 18 last year), Germany went down from the 15th spot to the 17th and the United States dropped from the 18th to the 19th.
- Japan, Russia and China finished at 58 (down from 54th), 68 (down from 59th ) and 93rd place (down from 86th) respectively.
- India has witnessed a sustained drop with a 140th place this year compared with the 133rd place in 2018.
- India featured in the list of five countries that had the largest drop since 2005-2008 in the index, along with Yemen, Syria, Botswana and Venezuela.
The World Happiness Report offers the world’s governments and individuals the opportunity to rethink public policies and individual life choices, to raise happiness and well-being.
Tags: China • Denmark • Finland • Germany • Iceland • Japan • Netherlands • Norway • Russia • United Kingdom • United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network • United States • World Happiness Report • World Happiness Report 2019
Japan has announced its decision to withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC). The withdrawal would enable Japan to resume commercial whaling activities.
Japan has said that it would undertake commercial whaling from July 2019 limited to Japan’s territorial waters and exclusive economic zones. As per the announcement, Japan would not undertake whaling activities in Antarctic waters or in the southern hemisphere.
Why the withdrawal?
The Japanese government was trying hard to persuade the IWC to allow its commercial whaling operations. IWC refused to budge and rejected the proposal of Japan.
Japan has said that since most whale species are not endangered and that eating whale is a part of its culture, Japan has been forced to withdraw from the IWC.
With the withdrawal Japan joins Iceland and Norway in openly defying the organization’s ban on commercial whale hunting.
International Whaling Commission (IWC)
The International whaling commission was set up under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling which was signed on 2nd December 1946 at Washington DC. The IWC aims at providing for the proper conservation of whale stocks and make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry.
IWC is accompanied by legally binding schedule which sets out specific measures that the IWC has collectively decided as necessary in order to regulate whaling and conserve whale stocks. Schedule can be amended by at least three quarters majority agreement unlike convention.
Conservation measures advocated under the schedule are catch limits (which may be zero as it the case for commercial whaling) by species and area, designating specified areas as whale sanctuaries, protection of calves and females accompanied by calves, and restrictions on hunting methods.