ICMR Current Affairs - 2019

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India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform

India and the African Union have signed an MoU to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organised manner by establishing the India-Africa health sciences collaborative platform.

Following the deliberations at the first India-Africa Health Sciences Meet in 2016, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had taken up the mandate to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organized manner by establishing an India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform (IAHSP). The MoU signed aims to formalise this partnership by establishing a framework.

The India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative platform would focus on training and strengthening capacity of health professionals, researchers, regulators and industry staff, support research collaborations for developing preventive tools and improved diagnostics for diseases which are regional priorities in India and Africa.
African Union.

African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located in the continent of Africa. African Union was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa. The African Union replaced the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963.

The African Union was established for accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it to play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. All UN member states based in Africa and on African waters are members of the African Union.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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Report on Determining Methodology for Fixing National Minimum Wage

The expert committee under the Chairmanship Dr Anoop Satpathy has submitted its report on “Determining the Methodology for Fixation of the National Minimum Wage to the Government of India. The Expert committee was asked to examine and review the norms and methodology for fixation of the national minimum wage and determine the base level National minimum wage/wages through an evidence-based approach.

Recommendations of the Committee

The committee has made the following recommendations:

  • Keeping in mind the nutritional requirement norms as recommended by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the committee recommends that food items amounting to the level of ± 10 per cent of 2,400 calories, along with proteins ≥ 50 gm and fats ≥ 30 gm per day per person to constitute a national level balanced food basket.
  • The report also recommends for the inclusion of reasonable expenditure on ‘essential non-food items’, such as clothing, fuel and light, house rent, education, medical expenses, footwear and transport, which must be equal to the median class and expenditure on any ‘other non-food items under the minimum wages.
  • The committee recommends fixing the need-based national minimum wage for India at INR 375 per day (or INR 9,750 per month) irrespective of sectors, skills, occupations and rural-urban locations for a family comprising of 3.6 consumption unit.
  • The committee also recommends introducing an additional house rent allowance (city compensatory allowance), averaging up to INR 55 per day i.e., INR 1,430 per month for urban workers over and above the minimum wage.
  • The report has also estimated and recommended different national minimum wages for different geographical regions of the country to suit the local realities and as per socio-economic and labour market contexts as shown below

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  • The committee also recommends reviewing the consumption basket every five years, subject to the availability of NSSO-CES data, and – within the period of 5 years – revising and updating the basic minimum wage at least in line with the consumer price index (CPI) every six months, to reflect changes in the cost of living.

The committee using scientific approach has updated the methodological framework of fixation of minimum wages based on the overall guidelines of the ILC 1957 and the Supreme Court Judgment in the case of Workmen v Reptakos Brett & Co. in 1992.

Month: Categories: Business, Economy & BankingUPSC

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