ICMR Current Affairs - 2019
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The expert committee under the Chairmanship Dr Anoop Satpathy has submitted its report on “Determining the Methodology for Fixation of the National Minimum Wage to the Government of India. The Expert committee was asked to examine and review the norms and methodology for fixation of the national minimum wage and determine the base level National minimum wage/wages through an evidence-based approach.
Recommendations of the Committee
The committee has made the following recommendations:
- Keeping in mind the nutritional requirement norms as recommended by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the committee recommends that food items amounting to the level of ± 10 per cent of 2,400 calories, along with proteins ≥ 50 gm and fats ≥ 30 gm per day per person to constitute a national level balanced food basket.
- The report also recommends for the inclusion of reasonable expenditure on ‘essential non-food items’, such as clothing, fuel and light, house rent, education, medical expenses, footwear and transport, which must be equal to the median class and expenditure on any ‘other non-food items under the minimum wages.
- The committee recommends fixing the need-based national minimum wage for India at INR 375 per day (or INR 9,750 per month) irrespective of sectors, skills, occupations and rural-urban locations for a family comprising of 3.6 consumption unit.
- The committee also recommends introducing an additional house rent allowance (city compensatory allowance), averaging up to INR 55 per day i.e., INR 1,430 per month for urban workers over and above the minimum wage.
- The report has also estimated and recommended different national minimum wages for different geographical regions of the country to suit the local realities and as per socio-economic and labour market contexts as shown below
- The committee also recommends reviewing the consumption basket every five years, subject to the availability of NSSO-CES data, and – within the period of 5 years – revising and updating the basic minimum wage at least in line with the consumer price index (CPI) every six months, to reflect changes in the cost of living.
The committee using scientific approach has updated the methodological framework of fixation of minimum wages based on the overall guidelines of the ILC 1957 and the Supreme Court Judgment in the case of Workmen v Reptakos Brett & Co. in 1992.
Every year World Cancer Day is observed on February 4. The day is observed to save millions of preventable deaths each year through education, raising awareness and by pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action against the deadly disease.
I Am and I Will
On the World Cancer Day, the Union for International Cancer Control launched a new 3-year campaign with the theme: “I Am and I Will”. The campaign is aimed to increase public-facing exposure and engagement to inspire the change that is required to build a cancer-free future for the world.
Burden of Cancer
The global burden of cancer is estimated to have increased to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Approximately one in five men and one in six women worldwide develop cancer in their lifetime, and one in eight men and one in 11 women die from the disease.
In India around 2.25 million cases with over 1 lakh new cases being registered every year. The disease led to nearly 7 lakh deaths in 2018. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) estimates that India is likely to register over 17 lakh new cases and report over 8 lakh deaths by 2020.
If some serious interventions are not made to alter the course of the disease, the global burden is expected to rise to close to 30 million new cases by 2040.