ICT Current Affairs - 2019
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India and South Africa have signed Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) and agreements in four areas of bilateral co-operation.
These MoUs were signed in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South African President Jacob Juma in Pretoria, South Africa.
PM Narendra Modi Modi had arrived in South Africa from Mozambique on the second leg of his four-nation tour of Africa.
- MoU on Tourism.
- MoU on Grass root innovation (Science and Technology)
- MoU on Information and Communication technology (ICT).
- Both countries also signed Programme of Cooperation in Arts and Culture.
Besides, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had one to one talk with the South African President Jacob Juma on various issues. Both countries have agreed to cooperate in combating terrorism, regionally and globally. They also focused on enhancing business and investment ties further in areas of minerals, mining, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. India also thanked the South African President for support to India’s NSG membership.
India has been ranked 131 out of 167 nations on ICT Development Index (IDI) that measures the level of information and communication technology access.
It was revealed in UN International Telecommunications Union’s (ITU) flagship annual Measuring the Information Society (MISR) Report.
Key highlights of report
- Globally 3.2 billion people are now online i.e. having internet connection representing 43.4 per cent of the world’s population.
- Worldwide, mobile-cellular subscriptions have reached almost 7.1 billion representing 95 per cent of the global population.
- Top three countries in IDI 2015: South Korea, Denmark and Iceland.
- Disparity in Internet access: 81.3 per cent of households in the developed world have home Internet access, compared to 34.1 per cent in the developing world. It is just 6.7 per cent in the 48 UN-designated Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
- Asia-Pacific Region: It is the most diverse region in terms of ICT development that reflects stark differences in levels of economic development.
- 6 economies in this region including the South Korea, Hong Kong and Japan have IDI rankings in the top 20 of the global distribution.
- This region also includes ten of the IDI’s least connected countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.
- India: Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions in India per 100 inhabitants is 74.48 in 2014. The percentage of households with computer is 13 per cent, while the percentage of households with Internet access was 15.33. Further the percentage of individuals using the Internet has grown to 18 per cent in 2014.