IISC Current Affairs
The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru was adjudged as overall best Indian university in National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2018 or NIRF-3 released by Ministry of Human Resource Development . This year it is third edition NIRF survey and was released as part of India Rankings 2018 for the Educational Institutions.
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) was adjudged best engineering college and Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) the best management institution. Delhi University’s Miranda House was adjudged best college, AIIMS-Delhi as best medical college and NLSIU-Bengaluru as best law school in country.
NIRF survey is indigenous ranking framework for higher education institutions in country. It outlines methodology and follows Indian methodology to rank institutions across country based on five parameters broadly covering Teaching, Learning and Resources, Research and Professional practices, Graduation Outcomes, Outreach and inclusivity and Perception. It ranks nine categories of institutions including universities, engineering, management, pharmacy, architecture, Law, medical institutions and general degree colleges.
NIRF Survey 2018
In it, total of 2809 institutions have participated in 9 categories. Collectively they have submitted 3954 distinct profiles, some in multiple disciplines and categories. This included 301 Universities, 906 Engineering Institutions, 487 Management Institutions, 286 Pharmacy Institutions, 101 Medical Institutions, 71 Law Institutions, 59 Architecture Institutions and 1087 General Degree Colleges. The parameters used for 2018 ranking were broadly similar to those used in previous years. However, some of sub-parameters have been further tweaked for greater robustness and accuracy.
Scientists from Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru have indigenously developed country’s first super critical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) Brayton Test Loop facility. The facility was inaugurated at the IISc campus. It is first test loop technology coupled with solar heat source in world that will generate clean energy from power plants, including solar thermal.
The facility is part of Indo-US consortium- Solar Energy Research Institute for India and United States (SERIIUS). It was developed by research group at inter-disciplinary centre for energy research of IISc as part of consortium. Funding was provided by Department of Science and Technology (DS&T) under Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Centre programme.
This facility uses supercritical CO2 (SCO2) instead of steam to generate more power. Supercritical refers to state of CO2 above its critical temperature of 31 C and critical pressure of 73 atmospheres, which makes it twice as dense as steam. S-CO2 operated in closed loop Brayton cycle increases efficiency of energy conversion by as much as 50% or more.
This next generation, efficient, compact, waterless super critical CO2 Brayton cycle test loop for power generation will be useful for meeting energy needs of the country. It has potential to replace steam based nuclear and thermal power plants, thus reducing the carbon foot print significantly. Besides, increasing power generation and making process more efficient, the new technology will make power plants cheaper with lower operating costs.
It will be indigenous initiative for setting up next generation of solar thermal power plants. This gives India opportunity to become world leader in this technology, and fulfil major objective of National Solar Mission which emphasizes indigenous manufacturing.