IISC Current Affairs - 2020

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HRD Launches STARS scheme on National Science Day

The Union Human Resource Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the STARS scheme on National Science Day (28th February).

STAR Scheme

  • STARS is an acronym for Scheme for Translational and Advanced Research in Science to fund Science projects.
  • The scheme will be implemented at the cost of Rs 250 crores.
  • Under the scheme 500 science projects will be funded whose selection will be made based on competition.
  • IISC will be the coordinator of the scheme.

National Science Day: 28th February

The National Science Day is celebrated on 28th February every year in the memory of Indian physicist and a Nobel laureate Sir C.V. Raman. The National Day of Science is celebrated on 28th February to commemorate the discovery of Raman Effect for which he was awarded Nobel Prize in the year 1930. The theme of the 2019 National Science Day is Science for people and people for science.

Raman Effect

Raman Effect refers to the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels. Part of the light beam after passing through transparent medium gets scattered and the wavelength of these scattered rays is different from that of the incident rays of light. This phenomenon of scattering of light is termed as Raman Scattering and the cause of scattering is called the Raman Effect.

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NIRF Rankings 2018: IISc Overall Best, AIIMS Best Medical College

The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru was adjudged as overall best Indian university in National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2018 or NIRF-3 released by Ministry of Human Resource Development . This year it is third edition NIRF survey and was released as part of India Rankings 2018 for the Educational Institutions.

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) was adjudged best engineering college and Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) the best management institution. Delhi University’s Miranda House was adjudged best college, AIIMS-Delhi as best medical college and NLSIU-Bengaluru as best law school in country.

NIRF Survey

NIRF survey is indigenous ranking framework for higher education institutions in country. It outlines methodology and follows Indian methodology to rank institutions across country based on five parameters broadly covering Teaching, Learning and Resources, Research and Professional practices, Graduation Outcomes, Outreach and inclusivity and Perception. It ranks nine categories of institutions including universities, engineering, management, pharmacy, architecture, Law, medical institutions and general degree colleges.

NIRF Survey 2018

In it, total of 2809 institutions have participated in 9 categories. Collectively they have submitted 3954 distinct profiles, some in multiple disciplines and categories. This included 301 Universities, 906 Engineering Institutions, 487 Management Institutions, 286 Pharmacy Institutions, 101 Medical Institutions, 71 Law Institutions, 59 Architecture Institutions and 1087 General Degree Colleges. The parameters used for 2018 ranking were broadly similar to those used in previous years. However, some of sub-parameters have been further tweaked for greater robustness and accuracy.

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