IIT Bombay Current Affairs
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The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has granted Institution of Eminence (IoE) status to six educational institutions. It includes 3 Institutions from Public Sector and 3 from Private Sector. They were selected by Empowered Expert Committee headed by former Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) N Gopalaswami.
Selected institutions are
Public Sector: Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru (Karnataka); Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay (Maharashtra) and IIT, Delhi.
Private Sector: Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences, Pilani (Rajashtan); Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal (Karnataka) and proposed Jio Institute of Reliance Foundation in Pune (Maharashtra) under Green Field Project.
Institutions of Eminence (IoE)
The scheme of IoE was rolled out by University Grants Commission (UGC). It aims to help 20 higher education (10 public and 10 private) institutions from country break into top 500 global rankings in 10 years, and then eventually break into top 100 over time.
Benefits: These selected institutions will have greater autonomy compared to other higher education institutions. They will be free to decide their fee for domestic and foreign students and have flexible course duration and structure. They will be exempted from approvals of government or UGC for academic collaborations with foreign institutions, except institutions in MEA and MHA’s list of negative countries. 10 government institutions selected will also get Rs 1,000 crore each from HRD Ministry to achieve world-class status. There will be no financial assistance to the private institutions.
Performance: Once identified, IoE are targeted must target break into top 100 bracket in one internationally reputed ranking framework in 10 years.
Eligibility: Only higher education institutions, currently placed in the top 500 of global rankings or top 50 of National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), are eligible to apply for eminence tag. The private IoE can also come up as greenfield ventures provided sponsoring organisation submits convincing perspective plan for 15 years.
Only two Indian institutes have featured in the top 50 Asian institutes in recently released TIMES Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings for educational institutes in Asia. The two institutes that have made their way to top 50 are Indian Institute of Science (29th rank) and Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (44).
Key Highlights of Rankings
Other institutes that have made their way to top 100 are IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Kanpur, and IIT Delhi. The ranks as released by the World University Ranking are: Indian Institute of Science (rank 29), IIT Bombay (44), IIT Kharagpur (60), IIT Roorkee (65), IIT Kanpur (81) and IIT Delhi (86).
Other Indian institutes that have made it to top 200 are Tezpur University (100), IIT Madras (103), IIT Guwahati (112), Panjab University (114), National Institute of Technology, Rourkela (126), Jadavpur University (127), Indian School of Mines (141), University of Delhi (144), Aligarh Muslim University (158), Savitribai Phule Pune University ( 188) and IIT-BHU (194).
Total of 17 institutes from India have made their way to top 200 Asian Universities in comparison to last year. Though representation of India has increased in list, several of the universities have fallen down the rankings. Both IISc and IIT Bombay have dropped two places each to 29 and 44 position respectively. IIT Madras has witnessed biggest decline this year and has fallen from last year’s 41 place to 103 this year.