IIT Delhi Current Affairs - 2019
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The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT-Bombay), has emerged as best-ranked Indian institute globally at 152nd position in QS World University Rankings’ 2020. IIT-Bombay has been securing top position among all Indian institutes for past three years and in 2020 edition it has improved its rank by 10 moving up places from 2018 ranking.
Globally Best: The world-class Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) created a history by topping QS World University Rankings for 8th consecutive year. As per QS, no other university has managed the top rank for such a long run. Other Universities retained their 2nd, 3rd and 4th positions in the world are Stanford University, Harvard University and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) respectively.
India’s Performance: This year too no Indian university was able to secure a place in top 100 best universities. In total, there are 23 educational institutions from India which featured in broader list of top 1000, with only nine in the top 500. Out of 23, only four have managed to improve their ranks. IIT-Bombay, IIT-Delhi and IISc-Bangalore are the only three institutions that have managed berths in the top 200 list of QS World Rankings.
IIT-Delhi emerged as 2nd-best ranking institute from India by at 182nd place, replacing Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
IISc Bangalore lost 14 places in this year’s ranking and ended at 184th place even when it achieved world’s 2nd-best score for research impact and secured full 100 marks for citations per faculty metric. It is also 1st ever Indian institution to see its research cited over 1 lakh times in five-year period.
OP Jindal Global University based in Sonipat is the only new entrant in this years’ list. It is a private Indian university, founded in 2009, and is one of the youngest to enter top 1000 list. It was ranked in between 751-800 in QS global list and consequently, emerged as 14th best institute in the country.
Other Indian Universities in top 500 list includes: IIT-Madras (271), IIT-Kharagpur (281), IIT- Kanpur (291), IIT-Roorkee (383), University of Delhi (474) and IIT-Guwahati (491).
About QS Global University Rankings
It is one of the two most sought after rankings for educational institutes globally.
It was launched in 2004 by London-based QS Group in collaboration with Times Higher Education, but the two parted ways in 2010. Since then both QS Group and Times Higher Education come up with separate rankings every year.
Tags: Harvard University • IISc Bangalore • IIT Bombay • IIT Delhi • Massachusetts Institute of Technology • OP Jindal Global University • QS Global University Rankings • QS World University Rankings’ 2020 • Stanford University • Times Higher Education
Government and IIT-Delhi signs MoU to set up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies
To commemorate 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on 2 October 2019, the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to Government of India and Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in a move to come together and to bring best of science and technology to implement waste management by setting up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies in India.
- The waste to wealth mission project has been approved under Prime Minister’s Science Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).
- The GoI and IIT-Delhi partnership will provide an effective platform for stakeholders to bring together integrated approaches for effective recycle, reuse and resource recovery of waste.
- IIT Delhi had already identified waste to wealth as a focus area and many of its faculty members are already working on a variety of projects related to waste management.
- The focus is to consolidate all possible Waste to Wealth Technologies, learn from best practices followed worldwide, and implement them at ground level at Indian cities.
Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies
It will work for implementation of sustainable, scientific and technological solutions for waste management, by validating and deploying available technologies for transformation of waste to wealth.
It will work on two terms of Objective:
- The immediate goal: is to set up an on-site pilot projects. This would effectively and successfully demonstrate proof of concept of technology under Indian condition. For this, technologies available with various national and international academias, industries, research laboratories and other agencies will be implemented.
It will be carried out by a strong collaborating network between IIT Delhi, and other national and international stakeholders under the aegis of PSA office.
- The long-term goal: is to streamline waste in India by creating circular economic models for waste management by using big data analytics and frontier technologies. The outcomes would involve waste treatment and generating different forms of energy, resulting in making India a waste free nation, with zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and no health hazard.
Under it, a waste to wealth programme management centre will also be set up at IIT Delhi.
Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) office
- It acts as a ‘think-tank’ and ‘action-tank’ for science, technology and innovation activities in India.
- It plays a catalytic and synergistic role to strongly connect government ministry, academia and industry, in evolving appropriate policies, making recommendations for relevant scientific departments and ministries, and implementing scientific interventions in various sectors of national priority.
- It is an overarching body with function of assessing, creating and implementing major scientific, technology and innovation interventions in India.
- It has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges in India.
- Through these nine missions, it aims to facilitate collaboration to solve complex problems and to ensure sustainable development.
- Waste to wealth is one of the 9 Missions.
Tags: 150th birth anniversary • Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies • IIT Delhi • Mahatma Gandhi • PM STIAC • Principal Scientific Adviser Office • PSA • Scince • Technology • Waste • Wealth