IIT Madras Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
A team of researcher at IIT-Madras headed by Professor V. Srinivasa Chakravarthy, developed a method for reading documents in Bharati Script by using a multi-lingual optical character recognition (OCR) scheme.
It is a unified script for nine Indian languages which is being proposed as a common script for India. The integrated script includes Devnagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil. Urdu and English were not integrated so far because of their very different phonetic organisation.
Why was it needed?
Many European languages (English, French, German, Italian etc.) use Roman script as a common script, which eases communication across all nations that speak and write those languages. Similarly in a diverse nation like ours a common script for entire country can be hoped to bring down many communication barriers existing in India.
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Schemes
First it involves separating/segmenting document into text and non-text. The text is then further divided into paragraphs, sentences words and letters. Each letter is recognized as character in some recognisable format like ASCII or Unicode. Each letter has different components like basic consonant, consonant modifiers, vowels etc.
In Bharati Script characters these different components are separable by design, therefore, OCR works quite accurately, giving almost 100% accuracy even with mild noise added.
Other Undergoing Projects at IIT Madras
In collaboration with TCS Mumbai, they created a universal finger-spelling language for nine Indian language and using this finger-spelling technique persons with hearing disability can generate signatures or a sign language. Other plans include developing new Braille system with Bharati script.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) rankings have been released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The rankings list the best institutions and universities of India.
The NIRF ranking framework instituted in 2016 evaluates institutions on five broad generic groups of parameters, including Teaching, Learning and Resources, Research and Professional Practice, Graduation Outcomes, Outreach and Inclusivity and Perception.
Ranking of the Institutions
- The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras has topped the overall rankings of higher education institutions and is followed by IISc Bangalore and IIT-Delhi ranked second and third in the overall rankings.
- In the 2018 rankings, IISc Bangalore had topped the overall rankings.
- Of top 10 institutes in the overall ranking, seven are IITs.
- In the University Category, IISc Bangalore has been ranked one followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and the Banaras Hindu University (BHU).
- Miranda House of the Delhi University has topped the college’s rankings followed by Hindu College in Delhi and the Presidency College in Chennai.
- In the Engineering institutions category IIT-Madras topped the ranking followed by Delhi and Eight of the top 10 engineering institutions are IITs.
- In the category of Management Institutions, top six ranks have been retained by Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). IIM Bangalore (IIM-B) has bagged the top spot. IIM Ahmedabad (IIM-A) bagged the second spot and IIM Calcutta is on the third spot.
- Jamia Hamdard has been announced as the top varsity for Pharmacy.
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has been adjudged as the best medical college.
- National Law School of India University, Bengaluru, have been adjudged as the best medical college law school.
A total of 3,127 institutions participated in the ranking process under overall rankings, category-specific and domain-specific ranking and 4,867 applications for rankings were made by the total applicant institutions under various categories and domains.
Tags: AIIMS • All India Institute of Medical Sciences • Banaras Hindu University • BHU • Delhi University • Hindu College • IIM • IIM Ahmedabad • IIM Bangalore • IIM Calcutta • IISc Bangalore • IIT • IIT Delhi • IIT Madras • Indian Institute of Technology • Indian Institutes of Management • Jamia Hamdard • Jawaharlal Nehru University • JNU • Ministry of Human Resource Development • Miranda House • National Institutional Ranking Framework • National Law School of India University • NIRF • Presidency College