IIT Madras Current Affairs - 2020

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IITM hosts India’s first Hyperloop Pod Competition-What is Hyperloop Pod?

For the first time in India IIT Madras is to host Hyperloop pod competition in July 2020. India has taken a few steps in bringing the environment friendly Hyperloop pod transport in the country.

Highlights

The Hyperloop Pod Transportation Project was approved by the Maharashtra Government to build the first Hyperloop line between Pune and Mumbai. Similarly, another project of Hyperloop pod transport has been undertaken between the cities of Vijayawada and Amaravati.

Similar projects are expected to operate in China, UAE as well.

International Competition

The International Competition of Hyperloop Pod Contest was initiated in 2015. The Competition is funded by SpaceX, a leading Space organization of USA.

What is Hyperloop Pod?

The Hyperloop is a sealed loop through which a pod travels. The travel time of the pod is greatly reduced as the pod travels in the tube without air resistance. It is a proposed freight and passenger transport system.

The Concept was introduced in 2013 and has been open sourced by SpaceX since them. This means that anyone in the world is free to use the concept and build on systems based on it.

The Technology

Hyperloop pod works on the same concept of maglev trains where the trains levitate over the tracks with the help of electro-magentic energy. The only difference here is that unlike maglev trains, the pods will run in a partial vacuum environment increasing the speeds and efficiency.

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Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) tops in Nature Ranking Index-2020

The CSIR of Delhi topped the National Ranking Index 2020 that ranks the scientific research institutes. CSIR was followed by IISc Bangalore.

Highlights

The Rankings were provided based on the numbers of research output. It is indicated by total citations in numbers. It also includes shares, that is the sharing percentage of an article.

The top research works in India in the current scenario includes environmental science, physics, chemistry and Life Sciences.

Share percentage and scores

The first rank holder CSIR had a share percentage of 87.74 and 142 counts. Followed by CSIR, IISC Bangalore had a share percentage of 83.61 and 211 count. The third rank was won by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) with share percentage of 62.18 and 232 count.

Top Institutes

The other top institutes included Homi Bhabha National Institute, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, Indian Association of Cultivation of Science, IIT Guwahati.

GoI Requirements

The GoI is urging scientists to work on topics such as artificial intelligence, 5G, malnutrition, water conservation, prosperity of farmers, etc. The country is in need of these experts.

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