IIT Roorkee Current Affairs - 2020

Prana Vayu: Low Cost Portable Ventilator developed by IIT Roorkee

With only 40,000 ventilators in India, the demand for ventilators are increasing day by day as the number of cases of COVID-19 are increasing day by day. In order to fulfil the demands, IIT Roorkee has developed low cost portable ventilator called “Prana Vayu”.


The portable ventilators are highly suited for the modified railway coaches. So far, more than 20,000 coaches have been modified into hospital beds. With increasing demands, around 70 railway coaches are to be modified into isolation wards.

About Prana Vayu

The ventilator delivers required amount of air to the patient based on controlled operation of the prime mover. It controls the flow rates of oxygen in inhalation and exhalation lines by controlling the pressure applied. The ventilator shall be used for all age groups. The major benefit of the design is that the manufacturing time of the ventilator is minimal. The ventilator design was presented to 450 companies at the webinar organized by CII.

Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings 2019

The London-based Times Higher Education (THE), a global organisation that produces data, analysis and expertise on higher education has released the Emerging Economies University Rankings 2019. The 2019 ranking comprises of 450 universities from 43 countries, across four continents.

Performance Indicators

The rankings use 13 performance indicators to provide comprehensive and balanced comparisons to reflect the characteristics of the emerging economy universities.

These 13 performance indicators are grouped under 5 categories: Teaching (the learning environment); Research (volume, income and reputation); citations (research influence); International outlook (staff, students and research); and industry income (knowledge transfer).

Findings in the Rankings

The standings of Indian universities in the rankings are as outlined below:

  • The Indian Institute of Science has topped the rankings among Indian institutes with 14th rank; the second spot among Indian Institutes was occupied by the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay with 27th rank.
  • IIT Roorkee has moved up by 21 places to 35th rank due to improvements in its research (volume, income and reputation) and industry income (knowledge transfer).
  • IIT Indore (61st) and the JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research are at joint 64th position.
  • Savitribai Phule Pune University has moved up by 87 positions to joint 93rd, alongside the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The increase in the rankings of Savitribai Phule Pune University is attributed to its research score and a significant rise to its citations score.
  • Banaras Hindu University, Amrita University, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune and IIT Hyderabad  also features among the top 150 in the rankings.

The Universities of Mainland China are most represented in the rankings with 72 institutions in total.