illegal immigrants Current Affairs - 2020

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Kerala: the first state to pass anti-CAA resolution

The Kerala Government on December 31, 2019, passed a resolution to rollback the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) that was passed during this winter session of Parliament. According to the Kerala Government, the CAA act contradicts the basic principles of Constitution.

Highlights

According to the Government of Kerala, the act was against secularism and has triggered widespread protests in the country. The act also dented India’s image among the International community

The act and the issue

The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed in December 2019. The act amended Citizenship act passed in 1955. It allows Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains, Christians and Parsi religious minorities to gain Indian citizenship. It also includes the minorities who have fled from countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. The issue around the act is that it does not include Muslims.

The Citizenship (Amendment) bill was introduced in 2016.

Concerns of North East

Though the ongoing protests in the country is predominantly against its non-secular feature, North Eastern states are against the overall act.  The north-eastern citizens, especially Assam, fear that the act will grant citizenship to immigrants and refugees causing loss of their political, cultural and land rights. This will also motivate further immigration from Bangladesh.

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Vijay Diwas celebrated across India

On December 16, 2019, India commemorated its victory over Pakistan in the war of 1971. India fought against Pakistan helping Bangladesh obtain its freedom and won the war. On the very same day, Bangladesh celebrates its independence.

Highlights

In order to commemorate India’s victory and to pay tribute to the soldiers who fought in the war, the three army chiefs reached war memorial in Delhi. They paid tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives in the war. PM Modi and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior leaders paid tribute to the soldiers as well. It was on this day, Pakistan army surrendered with 93,000 soldiers.

1971 war

India and Pakistan confronted each other with their military forces over freedom of Bangladesh for 13 days between 3rd December, 1971 and 16 December, 1971. The armies clashed with one another in the eastern and western fronts. The war ended on December 16, 1971 after the armies signed Instrument of Surrender, announcing Bangladesh a new nation.

NRC and the war

Government of India seals the date of NRC of Assam as 24th March, 1971. This is because, the war officially started on this particular date. On 24 March, 1971, Pakistan Army opened fired in Rangpur, Chittagong and Syedpur, killing more than 1000 people. After this the surge of immigrants from Bangladesh into Assam and other near by states increased. Therefore, the date of NRC is sealed to 24 March, 1971.

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