Illegal Immigration Current Affairs - 2020

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Ghojadanga of West Bengal and Agartala of Tripura designated as immigration check posts

On March 6, 2020, Ghojadanga of West Bengal and Agartala of Tripura were designated as land immigration check posts. They are located in Indo-Bangladesh border.

Highlights

The Government of India has designated Agartala and Ghojadanga to check all classes of passengers entering to and exiting from India. The immigration posts will check travel documents of the passengers.

Legislation

The check posts were authorized under Passport rules, 1950.

India-Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the strongest trading partners of India. Today, the trade between the countries stand at 10 billion USD. Also, Bangladesh is the largest contributor of tourism to India. Also, the visas issued by Indian high commission in Bangladesh is the highest of all the Indian missions. It issues more than 1 million visas annually.

LCS And Customs Ports

The movement of Goods and people are both routed through Land Customs Stations, immigration check posts and inland custom ports. India has adopted the policy of “Guarding and Securing” in order to secure its boundary at Bangladesh border.

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Kerala: the first state to pass anti-CAA resolution

The Kerala Government on December 31, 2019, passed a resolution to rollback the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) that was passed during this winter session of Parliament. According to the Kerala Government, the CAA act contradicts the basic principles of Constitution.

Highlights

According to the Government of Kerala, the act was against secularism and has triggered widespread protests in the country. The act also dented India’s image among the International community

The act and the issue

The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed in December 2019. The act amended Citizenship act passed in 1955. It allows Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains, Christians and Parsi religious minorities to gain Indian citizenship. It also includes the minorities who have fled from countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. The issue around the act is that it does not include Muslims.

The Citizenship (Amendment) bill was introduced in 2016.

Concerns of North East

Though the ongoing protests in the country is predominantly against its non-secular feature, North Eastern states are against the overall act.  The north-eastern citizens, especially Assam, fear that the act will grant citizenship to immigrants and refugees causing loss of their political, cultural and land rights. This will also motivate further immigration from Bangladesh.

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