ILO Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Bank-ILO report titled Exports to Jobs: Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia has been released. The report studies the effect on local employment and wages of changes in exports by combining disaggregated data from household-level or worker-level surveys with trade data from India and Sri Lanka.
Key Observations made in the Report
- Increasing exports together with leading to better jobs and higher wages in India will generate more formal sector employment for youth and women.
- Increasing exports would boost average wages and the biggest beneficiaries of this wage gain would be the high-skilled, urban, more experienced, and mainly male workers.
- For low-skilled workers, there would be an increase in formal jobs.
- Exports can improve the performance of local labour markets. Hence labour market policies must aid different groups of workers to acquire the right skills and ensure that the gains of increased exports are shared more broadly across society.
India and Boosting Exports
- India’s growth rate of 7.2 per cent in 2017 reduced the number of people living in poverty.
- Even then, most Indians doesn’t have regular jobs in the formal economy and differences in wages across regions and in the quality of employment opportunities prevail.
- India’s trade has been reduced from 55.8 per cent in 2012 to 41.1 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product between in 2017.
- Indian exports which are mainly capital intensive like chemicals and fabricated metals reduces the direct benefits to workers.
- The report notes that India can ensure that greater export orientation can boost workers’ gains from trade and spread them more widely, so benefiting disadvantaged groups.
The report also concludes that more exports can create benefits for workers by raising wages and reducing informality and this requires stronger policies to ensure these benefits reach everyone in the labour market and don’t leave any groups behind.
The ILO Centenary Celebrations in India were inaugurated by Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar at V.V. Giri National Labour Institute, Noida.
India being a founding member has played an active role in every field of the organization. India has ratified 47 out of 189 ILO conventions during the century which includes all eight core conventions.
International Labour Organisation
International Labour Organisation (ILO) is a tripartite organisation where representatives from the government, employers and employees openly debate and create labour standards. ILO is celebrating its 100th anniversary in 2019. As part of the 100th Anniversary, ILO is implementing seven centenary initiatives, which are:
The future of work initiative
The world of work is undergoing a major process of change. In order to understand and to respond effectively to these new challenges, the International Labour Organization has launched a “Future of Work initiative” in order to be able to advance its mandate for social justice.
The end to poverty initiative
The End to Poverty Centenary Initiative is designed specifically as the vehicle to take forward the ILO’s work in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The women at work initiative
The women at work initiative aim to better understand and to address, why progress on delivering on decent work for women has been so slow and what needs to be done towards securing a better future for women at work.
The green initiative
The Green Initiative aims to scale up the ILO’s knowledge, policy response and capacity to manage a just transition toward greener economies and a sustainable future.
The standards initiative
The standards initiative aims to enhance the relevance of international labour standards through a standards review mechanism and to consolidate tripartite consensus on an authoritative supervisory system.
The enterprises initiative
The enterprises initiative aims to establish a platform for ILO engagement with enterprises which would contribute to their sustainability and to ILO goals.
The governance initiative
The Governance Initiative aims to complete the reform of the ILO’s governance structures, to undertake the evaluation of the impact of the 2008 Social Justice Declaration, and act on the findings and outcomes of the evaluation.
Tags: ILO • ILO Centenary Celebrations • India • International Labour Organisation • The end to poverty initiative • The enterprises initiative • The future of work initiative • The governance initiative • The green initiative • The standards initiative • The women at work initiative • Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment • V.V. Giri National Labour Institute