IMD Current Affairs - 2020

GoI launches “Mausam Application” to Forecast Weather

On July 27, 2020, Union Minister of Earth Sciences Dr Harsh Vardhan launched a mobile application that will provide city-wise weather forecasts and warnings. The application has been named “Mausam”.

Highlights

The application was designed and developed by International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM). The application will provide information such as humidity, temperature, wind speed, direction for around 200 cities. The information in the application is to be updated 8 times a day.

The application will also provide three hourly warnings about the local weather phenomena. It will also provide forecast for the next seven days for around 450 cities in the country. Also, the application will provide weather information for the past 24 hours.

Colour Coded alerts

The “Mausam Application” will issue colour coded alerts twice a day up to five days to warn people ahead of dangerous weather. The colour coded alerts include red, orange and yellow.

Nowcast Service of the App

The Mausam Application provides services such as “Nowcast”. The Nowcast service gives hourly warnings of localised weather phenomena for around 800 stations.

Background

India currently needs twice the current budget to increase observational networks, procure new computing resources and replace old ships in order to strengthen weather monitoring systems.

NABARD releases Rs 20,500 crores of funds for Kharif and pre-monsoon operations

On May 18, 2020, the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) released Rs 20,500 crores. The funds will act as front-loading resources to the cooperative banks and the Regional Rural Development Banks (RRBs).

Highlights

The funds have been released to help farmers in Kharif operations and also in their pre monsoon preparations. Of the allocated amount, Rs 15,200 crores is to be provided through cooperative banks and Rs 5,300 crores through RRBs.

The Indian Meteorological Department recently announced that the Indian Monsoon is to begin on June 5. Hence, the advance releasing of funds will help farmers in receiving loans from the RRBs and cooperative banks.

Kisan Credit Card

The banks have initiated the Kisan Credit Card Scheme. During the months of lock down, around 12 lakh new credit cards were provided to the farmers.

The scheme was introduced in 1998. It aims to provide adequate credit support to the farmers. It was extended to non-farming activities in 2004. The scheme is implemented by RRBs, Commercial banks, Small Finance Banks and Cooperatives.

Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

It is to be noted that the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan that was recently launched by PM Modi allocated Rs 30,000 crores for NABARD.