Immunization Current Affairs - 2020

WHO criticizes India over issues faced by Migrants during Lock Down

On March 30, 2020, the World Health Organization condemned countries including India for not taking actions to address the concerns of daily workers and migrant workers.

Highlights

The organization had also condemned certain states in India like Bihar and Rajasthan for suspending their routine immunization programmes. Also, the closure of outpatient departments in government hospitals especially in AIIMS was of great concern to the organization.

WHO on Anti-Malarial Drug

Only India and USA are currently using the Anti-Malarial Drug called Hydroxychloroquine on a larger scale. The drugs are prescribed for asymptomatic persons that are in close contact with the COVID-19 patients. India has also banned the export of the drug adopting wider usage.

However, WHO believes that the safety of the drug to use it against COVID-19 is still not confirmed. Small observation studies show that the drug shortens illness caused by the virus.

Suggestions

The WHO recommends balanced approach in dealing with the virus. The organization recommends the approach of United Kingdom of using 20,000 retired health workers. Also, it calls upon the companies to talk to the companies to increase their production.

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Intensified Mission Indra Dhanush 2.0 begins

Government has launched its flagship scheme ‘Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0’ to focus on full immunization coverage of 272 districts spread over 27 states and 652 blocks of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar among hard-to-reach and tribal populations. The Mission Indradhanush 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

Mission Indradhanush 2.0

Objective: To prevent 8 diseases under mission as well as to escalate efforts to achieve goal of attaining 90% national immunization coverage across India.

Salient features of IMI 2.0:

The Intensified Mission Indradhanush immunization drive/ activity will consist of 4 rounds of immunization over 7 working days, excluding Sundays, RI days and holidays.

It will cover vaccines for measles, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, Hepatitis B, tuberculosis (Tb), meningitis and poliomyelitis. In selected areas, vaccines for Japanese encephalitis (JE) and Hemophilus influenza will also be provided. IMI would also ensure that the children under 2 years of age and pregnant women are immunized against 8 vaccine-preventable diseases.

It would include an enhanced immunization session with flexible timing, mobile session and mobilization by other departments. Enhanced focus will also be on left outs, dropouts, and resistant families & hard to reach areas. Also focusing on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.

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