Immunization Current Affairs - 2019
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President Ram Nath Kovind has launched Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI) Programme for year 2018 by administering polio drops to children at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The event was organised on the eve of the National Immunisation Day (NID), observed on 28 January. More than 17 crore children of less than 5 years across the country will be given polio drops as part of Government’s drive to eradicate polio from the country.
Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI)
PPI Programme is massive immunization programme of Government to sustain polio eradication from the country. It was launched by Central Government in co-operation with international agencies, state governments and non-government/voluntary organizations in 1995 as result of World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
PPI Programme was initiated with objective of achieving 100% coverage under OPV. It aims to reach unreached children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public. Under this programme, all children under 5 years are given 2 doses of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in month of December and January every year until polio is eradicated.
Polio (Poliomyelitis) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children below age of 5. It is transmitted from person-to-person. It mainly spreads through faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food). After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. Its initial symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in limbs. In some cases, it causes permanent paralysis. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.
The Union Health Ministry and Rotary International India National PolioPlus have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for intensive efforts towards achieving the immunization target.
The MoU aims to provide collaborative support and accelerate efforts under Polio Eradication Programme, Routine Immunization including Mission Indradhanush, Intensified Mission Indradhanush.
Key areas for collaboration
The collaboration seeks for social mobilization of beneficiaries, especially in urban slums and undeserved areas having no mobilizers. It will also support to members of National Cadet Corps (NCC), National Service Scheme (NSS) etc. in their efforts of community mobilization through incentives during the sessions
It also seeks to advocate and generate awareness through innovative approaches and involving private practitioners and local leaders for Polio Eradication Programme, Routine Immunization including Mission Indradhanush, Intensified Mission Indradhanush and Measles-Rubella.
The collaboration will support the efforts of the states and the districts for advocacy and community mobilization for Polio Eradication Programme, Routine Immunization including Mission Indradhanush, Intensified Mission Indradhanush and Measles-Rubella.
Rotary International India National PolioPlus Committee
The Committee was set up in 1988 by Rotary International for polio eradication efforts in the country. It is based in Delhi. It organizes large teams of committed Rotary volunteers who help in vaccine delivery to infants and children and ensure social mobilization around the cause. It works in close cooperation with the Indian government, World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other bodies such as US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.