Immunization Current Affairs - 2020

Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina wins GAVI’s ‘Vaccine Hero’ award

Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina has been conferred with prestigious ‘Vaccine Hero’ award of Global Alliance for Vaccination and Immunisations (GAVI) in recognition of Bangladesh’s outstanding success in vaccination to immunise children. She was conferred the award at a ceremony at United Nations Headquarters in New York on the sidelines of 74th session of UN General Assembly (UNGA).

Key Highlights

She was conferred with GAVI’s ‘Vaccine Hero’ award in recognition of country’s outstanding success in vaccination, and especially for her role in eliminating polio, cholera and various communicable diseases. She also hopes to reach the target of ‘vaccines for all’ in Bangladesh well ahead of 2030.

Earlier, Bangladesh has been honoured with GAVI Alliance Awards in 2009 and 2012 for its outstanding performance in improving child immunization status.

As of now, dedicated vaccine centres, and more than 18,000 community clinics and union health centres are providing vaccination services across Bangladesh.

About ‘Vaccine Hero’ award

The ‘Vaccine Hero’ award has been introduced by Geneva-based global vaccine alliance (GAVI).

It recognises global figures and leaders whose dedication to Vaccine Alliance’s mission has played a key role in helping GAVI and its partners to protect millions of children across all across the world.

The award is conferred on those who have set out a clear ambition and displayed urgency in providing life saving vaccines to children at the same time ensuring that no child is left out.

NOTE: The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations (GAVI) is an international organization that was created in 2000. It a global health partnership of public and private sector organizations with shared goal of- ‘immunisation for all’ and creating equal access to new and underused vaccines for children living in world’s poorest countries.

President Ram Nath Kovind launches Pulse Polio programme for 2018

President Ram Nath Kovind has launched Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI) Programme for year 2018 by administering polio drops to children at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The event was organised on the eve of the National Immunisation Day (NID), observed on 28 January. More than 17 crore children of less than 5 years across the country will be given polio drops as part of Government’s drive to eradicate polio from the country.

Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI)

PPI Programme is massive immunization programme of Government to sustain polio eradication from the country. It was launched by Central Government in co-operation with international agencies, state governments and non-government/voluntary organizations in 1995 as result of World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

PPI Programme was initiated with objective of achieving 100% coverage under OPV. It aims to reach unreached children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public. Under this programme, all children under 5 years are given 2 doses of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in month of December and January every year until polio is eradicated.


Polio (Poliomyelitis) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children below age of 5. It is transmitted from person-to-person. It mainly spreads through faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food). After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. Its initial symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in limbs. In some cases, it causes permanent paralysis. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.