Immunization Current Affairs - 2020
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The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) to accelerate full immunization coverage to more than 90% by December 2018.
Through this programme, Government aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush
IMI programme aims at reducing maternal and child mortality by reaching out to each and every child under two years of age and all pregnant women who have been left uncovered under routine immunisation programme. Its focus is on improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.
IMI will provide greater focus on urban areas and other pockets of low immunization coverage. IMI drive will be spread over 7 working days starting from 7th of every month.
Special strategies have been devised for effective implementation of IMI which includes inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination, action based review mechanism and rigorous monitoring of the programme.
It devises convergence mechanism of ground level workers of various departments like ANMs, Anganwadi workers, ASHAs, Zila preraks under National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM), self-help groups for better coordination and effective implementation of the programme.
Moreover, it also has appreciation and awards mechanism to recognize districts reaching more than 90% coverage. The criteria under it, include best practices and media management during crisis. Certificate of Appreciation will be given to acknowledge contribution of partners/Civil Society Organization (CSOs) and others.
Implementation of IMI will be closely monitored at the district, state and central level at regular intervals. It would be reviewed by Cabinet Secretary at National level and will be monitored at highest level under a special initiative Proactive Governance and Timely Implementation (PRAGATI).
Mission Indradhanush was launched in December 2014. It aimed to fully immunize more than 90% of children under age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases. These diseases are diphtheria, whooping cough, poliomyelitis, tetanus, tuberculosis, measles and Hepatitis B. In addition vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B are also being provided Rubella, Injectable Polio Vaccine Bivalent and Rotavirus are also provided in selected states.