IMO Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Maritime Day (WMD) is observed every year on last Thursday of September to acknowledge the maritime industry and to highlight importance of shipping safety, maritime security and marine environment and to acknowledge maritime industry. This it was observed on September 27 with theme as “IMO 70: Our Heritage – Better Shipping for a Better Future”.
Significance of the day
The World Maritime Day marks date of adaptation of International Maritime Organization (IMO) Convention in 1958. The day was first observed in 1978. The IMO’s original name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) but it was changed to IMO in 1982.
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
IMO is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping. It was established in 1948 in Geneva as ICMO and came into force in 1959. Its headquarters are in London, United Kingdom. It has 171 member states and 3 associate members. India was one of the earliest members of IMO and had joined it as member-state in 1959. IMO’s functions are to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit. This framework addresses various areas like safety, legal matters, environmental concerns, technical co-operation, maritime security and efficiency of shipping.
The Day of the Seafarer is being observed every year on 25 June across the globe as an expression of thanks to the seafarers for their contribution to the economy and civil society of the world. It also acknowledges the risks and personal costs endured by seafarers while being in their jobs.
The theme for year 2018 is ‘Seafarers wellbeing’. It highlights issues of seafarers wellbeing, particularly mental health. It deals with specific strategies to tackle stress and other issues affecting seafarers mental conditions and make tools available more widely known.
The Day of the Seafarer was designated by International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in 2010. It was established in resolution adopted by 2010 Diplomatic Conference in Manila to adopt revised Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)Convention, 1978. For the first time it was observed in 2011 and since then it is observed annually. It has also been included in the list of observances by United Nations. The day acknowledges that almost everything that we use in our daily lives has been directly or indirectly linked with sea transport. A per IMO, around 90% of the world’s goods trade is carried out through ships.