India-ADB Current Affairs

Union Cabinet approves new Bridge over Mechi River at India-Nepal border

The Union Cabinet has approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Nepal for starting construction of a new Bridge over Mechi River at India-Nepal border.

The new bridge will be constructed at an estimated cost of Rs. 158.65 crore, which will be funded by India through Asian Development Bank (ADB) loan.

Key facts

The new bridge over Mechi River, covering a length of 1500 meters will be constructed as part of up-gradation of the Kakarvitta (Nepal) to Panitanki Bypass (India) on NH 327B. National Highway and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) under Ministry of Road Transport & Highways will be the implementing agency for this project.

Mechi Bridge is the ending point of Asian Highway 02 (AH02) in India leading to Nepal and provides critical connectivity to Nepal. The construction of bridge will improve regional connectivity and has potential to strengthen cross border trade between both countries and potential to strengthen industrial, social and cultural exchanges.

Mechi River: It is a trans-boundary river flowing through Nepal and India. It originates in the Mahabharat Range in Nepal. It is tributary of Mahananda River.


India, ADB ink $375 million loan pact for East Coast Economic Corridor

India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed $375 million pact for loans and grants to develop 800 km Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor.

It is the first phase of a planned 2,500-km East Coast Economic Corridor. Earlier in September 2016, ADB had approved $631 million in loans and grants for the industrial corridor.

Key Facts
  • The loans comprises $500 million multitranche facility to build key infrastructure in the four main centres along the corridor — Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Amaravati, and Srikalahasti (Yerpedu) in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The first tranche of $245 million will finance subprojects to develop high-quality internal infrastructure in 2 of the 4 nodes of the corridor — Visakhapatnam and Yerpedu—Srikalahasti.
  • It also has $125 million policy-based loan that will be used for capacity development of institutions engaged in corridor management.
  • It will also provide support to enhance ease of doing business and for supporting industrial and sector policies to stimulate industrial development. 

About East Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC)

  • ECEC is India’s first coastal economic corridor along eastern coast. It stretches about 2,500 kms from Kolkata (West Bengal) in the north to Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu) in the south.
  • It will connect long eastern coastline and strategically located ports with the multiple international gateways to connect India with global value chains (GVCs) in East and Southeast Asia.
  • It supports Union Government’s flagship Make in India campaign, which aims to boost manufacturing by attracting foreign investment and facilitating the establishment of manufacturing hubs.
  • ECEC also aligns with port-led industrialisation under Sagarmala initiative and Act East Policy by linking domestic companies with vibrant global production networks of East and Southeast Asia.

ADB: It is Manila based regional development bank. It was established in 1966 and is owned by 67 members of which 48 are from the Asian region.