India-Africa Union Current Affairs - 2020

Africa Union Summit held at Addis Ababa

The African Union Summit was held in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia to tackle terrorism in the continent. The Summit is important for India as India has recently signed the defence agreement, Lucknow Declaration with 50 African countries at DefExpo 2020. India is planning considerable investment in Defence sector in the regions of African Union.

Highlights

The African leaders met in Addis Ababa to discuss increasing terrorism in Africa. The leaders met in Addis Ababa under the theme

Theme: Silencing the Guns

This year the chair is being assumed by South Africa. The 2020 summit has adopted 8 resolutions as follows

  • Compromise with the United Nations over co-funding in peace operations
  • To support elections in Ethiopia and to mediate events of disputes
  • To deter leaders in Guinea to use Constitutional Amendments to hold on to power
  • To help to calm Burkina Faso’s insurgency
  • To push Somali Government towards regional compromise
  • To press East African heads to support South Sudan peace process
  • To support Sudan transition by supporting deal between civilian leaders and security forces.

2019 Major Crises

The Peace and Security Council of the Africa Union intervened with the Sudan’s Revolution and also helped to produce an agreement between Central African Republic and the rebels.

African Union

The creation of African Union was revived under the leadership of Libyan head Muammar Al-Gaddafi. The Union was established through Sirte Declaration.

India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform

India and the African Union have signed an MoU to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organised manner by establishing the India-Africa health sciences collaborative platform.

Following the deliberations at the first India-Africa Health Sciences Meet in 2016, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had taken up the mandate to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organized manner by establishing an India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform (IAHSP). The MoU signed aims to formalise this partnership by establishing a framework.

The India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative platform would focus on training and strengthening capacity of health professionals, researchers, regulators and industry staff, support research collaborations for developing preventive tools and improved diagnostics for diseases which are regional priorities in India and Africa.
African Union.

African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located in the continent of Africa. African Union was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa. The African Union replaced the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963.

The African Union was established for accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it to play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. All UN member states based in Africa and on African waters are members of the African Union.